Saturday, December 13, 2014

Problems caused by Sani after Sani Peyarchi

On December 16th Saturn is leaving  the Thula   Rasi and entering  the  Vrushiga rasi .
This would mean  that
1.It will not be ashtamathil   sani for those  born in Meena Rasi(Pororattathi  4th padam, Uthrattathi   and Revathi)
2. It would not be Ezharai   Sani (sade sathi)  period  for those who are  born in Kanya Rasi(uthram 2, 3,4  padams, Hastham   and Chithra   1, 2 Padams)
3.It would not be Janma Sani  for those   born in  Thula Rasi(Chithra 3, 4 Padams , Swathi  and Visagam 1,2,3 Padams)
4.Ashtamathil Sani would start for   those  who are born in Mesha Rasi  (Aswathi, Bharani   and Karthigai I padam)
5.Ezharai  sani  (sade sathi)   would start   for those  born  in Dhanu Rasi (Moolam, Pooradam,  Uthradam I padam)
6.Janma sani would start   for  those born in Vrushiga rasi (Visagam 4th padam, Anusham and Kettai)
       A general prediction would be
1.       Those   born in Meena rasi and Kanya Rasi   would get rid of all problems caused to them by Sani.
2.       Those born in  Mesha rasi and Dhanu rasi   would start   facing problems due to Sani
3.       Those born in  Thula rasi would find their problems to be of reduced intensity.
4.       Those  born in Vruschiga Rasi    would find their problems  of increased  intensity .
What type of problems and how intense etc would be decided  by the position  of  Sani in their horoscope as well as  power of Sani  and these can only be predicted  by an astrologer after  thoroughly   studying  a person’s  horoscope
     I have been finding   that those   who with faith read the  “Sani Vajra  Panjarika Kavacham “ on Saturdays , would  find that   their problems becomes  manageable as   told in the Kavacham
If the son of Sun God is in eighth, twelfth, first or second house,
Daily reading this Kavacham , no misery would ever be caused.

This is true  to a very large extent .You can find   the Kavacham with english anslation in
Worship of Lord Hanuman or Lord Venkatachalapathy or Lord Ayyappa on Saturdays     have also been found beneficial


Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Thatha (granpa)-Quo Vadis?

Thatha-Quo vadis?


Anna (elder brother) and Akka (elder sister) will become mama (uncle) and Mami (aunty) when they cross the thirties. The role that they have played till then changes a lot. They were studying and leading a happy carefree life till then. Suddenly the new mama has to work and work a lot, to earn lots of money. His sisters get married (Mami?) and take up the job of running the house. The job is much more difficult than mama’s job. But the world does not recognize it. Nowadays, she has not only to manage the house but also work like her husband and brothers. Naturally she is surrounded by tension and is edgy. This state of affairs goes on for a long time. Children come in to the house. They become annas and akkas and slowly are groomed to become mamas and mamis. It is at this time that the mama and mamis realize that they have to become thathas(granpas) and Pattis(granmas).
    While Pattis who are healthy continue to be a part of the household management , by providing help in cooking and looking after the grand children, The thatha who was till then wedded to his work is left high and dry. Suddenly he finds that he has nothing to do.
The pleasant chit chat with children, the intermissions in the kitchen over planning of menu, discussions about future of their children etc are again not there. Since Thatha had spent most of his life in talking with friends in office, he does not know any of his neighbors. His friends have all become thathas and rarely move out. He finds that his children are earning much more money than him and are not bothered about the small wealth that he has. His grand children who prattle sweet nothings in English do not understand why their Thatha is so morose. The only friend in the house (his wife who is a Patti) is extremely busy looking after the needs of his grand children. Nobody seems to be interested in politics or newspaper. He, not being used to sit in front of the idiot box, finds it very boring.  He broods and worries. This makes him imagine all the sickness that he has only heard.
   Then comes the next stage. Patti who was needed as a service provider is not able to move out due to arthritis. Her grand children do not like the food prepared by her. .They would prefer north Indian food, pizzas and burgers. The brooding gang becomes richer by one more member. The sick tired people in the house are doubled. Suddenly the mami of the house realizes that, there are two useless people in the house, who have to be looked after. The home that was heaven becomes hell to thatha and Patti. If God gets angry and presents them with serious sickness, they crush themselves into dust.  A nurse or a nurseman is appointed to look after them. Some mamas and mamis think that it is too much of a botheration and send them to old age homes.
   These old age homes do not help them much. One hundred percent of the occupants of these homes are brooding thathas and Pattis who start cursing the world and the social order from morning to evening. Of course God has been kind enough nowadays. Many of them fall prey to Alzheimer’s disease. This blessing disease makes them forget everything and possibly they are no more brooding. He has also been kind enough to recall them back after some time.

    What can we do about this pathetic saga? We can definitely keep ourselves very busy by engaging ourselves in some hobbies or social activities. It would be preferable that as long as the physical dependence does not set in, we live alone in our house .We (Thathas and Pattis) are a very influential lot. We can surely build up Senior citizen homesteads like those existing in USA. In such societies we can build up a social culture of our own without disturbing, the youngsters. WE can organize day care centers with transport facility so that  when the Mama and Mamis go to office and Akkas and Annas  have gone to college, we can be safe and build up a social life in such centers.. We can contribute a lot with our knowledge. We can surely teach lot of poor children at our home. If we are of the talking type, we can do fund collection for several good deeds. We can visit old age homes (if we are not already in one) and bring cheer to those lonely souls. We can help our friends and their wives, if they are sick. What I am trying to say is that, we should make others feel that these Thathas and Pattis are also very useful members of the society.

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Pulacode Veeraraghavan Visweswaran - My dearest friend and elder brother

Pulacode  Veeraraghavan  Visweswaran - My dearest friend and elder  brother



       When I was  about 8 years old  , due to the Razakkar  movement in Hyderabad  , me along with my  little sister   , brother   and mother  moved back  to my native place , Chelakkara. Being brought   up in a town, every body looked very strange to me. One day my father   brought  home  a young , white   and very thin boy who was   3-4  older than me  . His  laughing face    and innocent out look of life  made him my friend immediately. My father told me that he   was also studying in my school and  that boy was   his incle’s son.   Next day  Veeramani mama   came   to our home   and took me and my sister    to their village   which was called Pulacode .  Mama had some skin problem   and to a young boy  like me  he looked strange . He was   the son of one of those   richest  person in our  village  , well known as  Pulacode  Rama Pattar but  fate  somehow took away all the riches that he inherited.When I saw him  , he was  able  to maintain himself only because my father  was sending him  money every month. .We were both treated  as royal guests and  enjoyed our stay in Pulacode . Along with him there   was his sister Cauvery , My father’s chithi  . Visweswaran then became a regular visitor to my place.   After  few months my father   informed  me  that his uncle is no more   and he is taking Visweswaran   along with him to Hyderabad   to work in his hotel.  I did not  know  the implications much at that time.
     A few years later  my father   took my mother   who was very sick to Hyderabad  . Me and my sister  were left  in care   of another   family in the village  .Later when my mother came back cured , she told me that  Visweswaran took care of her   in the hospital completely  ,  A few years later  I went to Hyderabad to study in English  Medium School  . Visweswaran was working in our hotel.  I was staying with Visweswaran along with several boarders , who were all  middle aged men. My only friend of my age   was  Viswesawaran.  The next four years  we both grew  up together , went to same pictures , went  to the zoo together , went to Golkonda   fort together,  learnt how to fly kites together , learnt how to spin tops together, ate  food together  in different hotels on weekly holiday   of our hotel . Four years  later my father   had to sell the hotel   and go back to our village .My father   arranged   for the marriage   of his sister with his uncle in Trichy   ,Visweswaran started    working for his uncle in Trichy.  It was at this time  my mother  underwent another operation  in Trichy and it   was again my Visweswaran   who looked after my mother.  After   three more years  I  joined for my studies  in Annamalai   university   and had to travel through Trichy    four times a year  , I enjoyed those unforgettable visits to Trichy   and at one time  I came to know  that Visweswaran left Trichy  and had gone to Madurai  .He wrote to me  that  most of the days  he could eat only temple Prasadams in the noon and nothing else . At that time Sri A.R.Sethumadhavan   who considered my father as Guru came to our native place  to get my father’s blessings   for starting a hotel at Vizag,   I suggested to father   to send  Visweswaran to Vizag and he started    working in Hotel Ooty, there   , It was at this time that  I started studying in Calcutta.   Again during vacations I could spend lot of time with my friend. Once when he was admitted to hospital  due to  Jaundice ,  I went to Vizag from Calcutta   and took him to my native place  . He was cured  and returned back  to Vizag . He was made a  partner  in that big hotel  and later started  his own business. There   was  nothing in the world that   he did not know about me and there   was nothing I did not know about him.  .After  studies I was appointed   as a gazette officer  in a  small village near Mangalore  . At that  time  my father arranged for marriage  of Visweswaran with Mohanam who was  my sister’s class mate   and my play mate   when I was a child . They lead a  happy life   and every year  both of them  used to come to Vittal. Visweswaran had a daughter followed by a son. I got married and I also had   a boy and a girl. At that time  I got  transferred   to Rajamundry.  Almost every month we used to meet each other  , By that time,  my younger   brother got married   and settled  in Mumbai.  By his influence  , he arranged for the marriage  of Vsweswaran’s daughter . By that time Visweswaran   had  struggled and educated his son.  Visweswaran    and Mohanam shifted    to Mumbai. They were  struggling really hard. It was at this time that  the son of Visweswaran  got employed in USA.  One of those   unfortunate days Mohanam breathed her lost  . In spite of very severe back ache   I reached Mumbai travelling in a Bus  . We cried togather    a lot  ,This was   fourteen years back .Once Visweswaran asked me to write poem on his Mohanam  so that   he can paste it below her picture  ,I did it.
I advised  Visweswaran to get his son married  , almost  immediately   after  his dear wife’s death   and he agreed to it   and the marriage was celebrated   within a year of her death.
      The USA govt did not  give VISA to Visweswaran   to visit his son. Possibly   no one knows  except  my family and my brother’s family   about the struggle called life   that he underwent then on. His  kidney started failing   and he breathed his last about  3 years back .
      The only person whom I can call   as my own elder   brother is no more there. All  my cousins used to call him Ammanchi  and  for my nephews and my children he was  Bheema Mama, His infectious smile which used   to keep me happy , now  remains  only  as a dream .Though  no one notices  , within my heart  I cry for my greatest friend. The cane chair that he painted, the Dosai Kal which he   got cut and almost   everything  in my  home reminds  me of him. Tears   flow  from my eyes , when I see   them. When my wife   wants  to repair  or paint some thing, without realizing I tell her  , “Visweswaran   will come soon and   do it.”
My elder  brother   definitely   must be in heaven   and I am sure  he makes  it a habit to bless   his younger brother Raja . His daughter   who is in Mumbai considers me as her  father’s brother  and  never fails   to call me   every month . I also consider   herself as my elder   daughter .Life goes on. Rarely God sends such angels  like  Visweswaran   to this world .His greatest contribution is that   he added   joy and happiness     in the life  of  many  people  of this world.Had he been alive next year  he would be celebrating   his 80th Birthday.

Thursday, September 25, 2014

English rhymes for Schools in Kerala

 English  rhymes   for  Schools  in Kerala


(When we were little kids  , we were mesmerized by    the pretty rhymes    that were   taught to us in Malayalam class. Should we not     translate    them in to English and teach those   rhymes    to our English students in Kerala  , so that  they  grow in the culture of Kerala and not in the  culture   of the English or American children?  I have attempted to translate them . Learned people who are much better   than me can possibly translate them better  . Will some body make   this reach     the ears of Chief minister   of Kerala?)

1.Onnum onnum randu

(Here is a fascinating rhyme teaching children to do addition, and also attempts to teach  general knowledge))

Onnum onnum randu, 
Kayum kaalum randu; 
Onnam randum munnU, 
Thengayin Kan moonu; 
Onnam munnum nallu, 
Pashuvinn kaalu naalu;
Onnum nallum anchhu,
Kayyil viral anchhu; 
Onnum anchhum aarau,
Vandin kal aaru, 
Onnam aarum ezhu; 
Jnayar thingal ezhu, 
Onnum Ezhum ettu ; 
Dikkukal ellam ettu.

English equivalent

One and one makes it two,
Legs and hands are two,
One and two makes it three,
The eyes of coconuts are three,
One and three makes it four,
The legs of the cow are four,
One and four makes it five,
The number of fingers is five,
One and five makes it six,
The legs of the bee are six,
One and six makes it seven,
The days of the week are seven,
One and seven makes it eight,
And the directions round us are eight.

2.Kaale , Kaake  Koodevide?

(What a fascinating and charming rhyme . What a great concept to teach our little  babies?)

Kaake kaake koodevide
Kootinakathoru kunjundo
Kunjinu theeta kodukkaanjal
Kunju kidannu karanyeedum
Kaake kaake nee tharumo
Ninnude kayyile neyappam

English equivalent

Crow, crow, where is your nest,
Is there a baby in the nest,
If you do not feed the baby,
That baby will wail and cry,
Crow, crow, will you give,
The Appam* that you have in your hand.

*Appam-sweet pan cake .

3.Punkozhi, Punkozhi

(This    rhyme perhaps introduces  the Kerala early morn to the little one)

Punkozhi Punkozhi,
Kuvunathu  endinnu punkozhi;
Poovukal vidarum , vidarum nerattu,
Punkili padum nerattu;
Neram pulram nerattu,
Aare unarthan kuvunoo?
Cock, Cock, why do you crow, oh cock
When the sweet flowers open,
When the pretty birds sing,
And when it is the time of dawn,
Whom do you want to wake up?
4.Vaa Kutuvi
(The baby tells the sparrow  it would help him to build its nest .What a wonderful notion.)
Vaa Kuruvi,
Varu Kuruvi;
Vazhakka mel iru Kuruvi
Naaru tharam, Chakiri tharam,
Koodundakkan Koode varaam 

Come sparrow, please come sparrow,
Sit on the plantain fruit,
I will give you rope,
I will give you coconut fiber,
And I will come and build a nest for you.

Saturday, September 6, 2014

Happy thiru onam to all of you

Happy Thiruonam  to  all   of you.
        The people   of Kerala believe   that   they were   once ruled by Mahabali    in the perfect manner and 
due to his fight with  devas , in spite  of his being    a great devotee , Lord Vishnu    sent him to Patala . Mahabali asked a boon   that   he would like to visit his subjects   whom he loved   once in a year . He is believed   to come on  Thiruonam day  to Kerala. His subjects    do not   want to disappoint   their great king . So  the entire Kerala   plays a   game , so that   their king  sees them happy . Here   is a famous song   which  recollects   the rule  of Mahabali.  .Happy Onam to you all.

Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
(When  the Great  Mahabali    was ruling  our country)

Transiteration of lyrics

Translation   by
1.Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
Manushyarellarum onnu pole
Aamodathode vasikkum kaalam
Aapathangarku-mottilla thaanum

When  the great Mahabali was   ruling our country,
All the men     were    uniformly   alike  ,
It was   a time when they all lived   with joy,
And there was not even a little danger   to any one.

2.Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
Manushyarellarum onnu pole
Aamodathode vasikkum kaalam
Aapathangarku-mottilla thaanum

When the great Mahabali was ruling our country  ,
All the men were   uniformly   alike 
 It was   a time when they all lived   with joy,
And there was not even a little danger   to any one.

3.Aadhikal vyaadhikal onnumilla
Baalamaranangal kelkkanilla
Dushtare kankondu kaanmanilla
Nallavarallathe illa paaril… illa paaril

There were neither  sufferings    nor diseases,
No one had heard   of infant    deaths  ,
None could say   they had seen a   a bad human being ,
Only good people   were  there  in this world… in this world

4.Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
Manushyarellarum onnu pole
Aamodathode vasikkum kaalam
Aapathangarku-mottilla thaanum

When the great Mahabali was ruling our country  ,
All the men were   uniformly   alike 
 It was   a time when they all lived   with joy,
And there was not even a little danger   to any one.

5.Kallavumilla chathiyumilla
Ellolamilla polivachanam… polivachanam
Vellikolaadikal naazhikalum
Ellam kanakkinu thulyamaayi… thulyamaayi

There is no theft    nor was there cheating  ,
Even  to a weight of  a single gingelly  , there were no lies , there were no lies,
All  types   of silver balances    and   of different type of measures
 Weighed/measured  accurately  …accurately

4.Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
Manushyarellarum onnu pole
Aamodathode vasikkum kaalam
Aapathangarku-mottilla thaanum

When the great Mahabali was ruling our country  ,
All the men were   uniformly   alike 
 It was   a time when they all lived   with joy,
And there was not even a little danger   to any one.

5.Kallapparayum cherunazhiyum
Kallatharangal mattonnumilla
Kallavumilla chathiyumilla
Ellolamilla polivachanam… polivachanam

Lying big measure   and  inaccurate   small measures ,
And    the   cheating  activities   were  not there at all,
There  is no lying acts  , nor cheating.
 Even  to a weight of til , there were no lies , there were no llies

6.Maveli Naadu vaanidum kaalam
Manushyarellarum onnu pole
Aamodathode vasikkum kaalam
Aapathangarku-mottilla thaanum

When the great Mahabali was ruling our country  ,
All the men were   uniformly   alike 
 It was   a time when they all lived   with joy,
And there was not even a little danger   to any one.

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Avani Avitta (Upakarma) Manthras for the year 2014.

Avani Avitta  (Upakarma) Manthras    for the year   2014.
 Compiled by
   AS per my usual practice I am    putting the Avani Avitta/Upakarma Manthras for the year 2014.  For the fourteenth year in Succession.  When I started  doing it, such Manthras were   not available  over the interne. But for the past few years   very large number of people are  putting  these  Manthras   in their web sites and blogs  .But still   very few people put the relevant  Manthras    for  Rig Vedis and Sama Vedis.  About 10000 people have made    use of my compilations last year. The Manthras   for this year are given as follows:-
1.Yajur Veda  Avani Avitta manthras  (10-8-2014)
2.Rig Vedi Avani avitta Manthras    for year 2014.
       Rig Vedis   do their Upakarma on  Sravana(thiruonam)  Nakshatram  in the month of Sravana(Chingam) , which is a must for them.  In spite of that majority of the compilations   say that their  Avani avittam is on  10-8-2014  , which occurs in Kadaka Masa. A few of them are of the opinion that it is on  7-9-2014 (Sravana Nakshtra in Sravaa Masam) ,. Please do follow     what your Guru says regarding it ,
1, Rig Vedi Avani Avitta   Manthras on 10-8-2014
2,Rig Vedi Avani Avitta   Manthras  7-9-2014.
3.Sama Vedi Avani avitta Manthras  2014(29-9-2014)
      Like all the usual years , this year  the Avani avittam   is on Ganesh Chathrthi day    for Sama Vedis.
It is given in

        I hope you would find it useful  .  Ramachander

Saturday, July 19, 2014

Homage to my friend DR.D.Sundararaman

     My   friend and class mate  DR.D.Sundararaman passed    away  in New Jersey   on 17th July  .  I felt extremely sad on hearing this through the internet   from one Sri Mahesh Krishnamurthy  in his blog in world press.  Many of you might have read my friends write up    about his interaction with Maha Periyavaa , in his  book  “I lived with God “. Any one reading it is bound to shed tears .

   It was in the year 1957   that  , I joined   the Annamalai Universtity for my B.Sc (Hons)   in Mathematics.  Bidding farewell  to me in my native place of Chelakkara  , my father   told me that, , he himself has to starve along with my family     so that  I get  educated.  The only dress that he gave me where  six Mul Veshtis(White  Veshtis without  border) and a few  very badly stitched   shirts by the village   tailor. Unfortunately   I could   not get admission in the University hostel. Fortunately one of my distant uncles    of my mother was living in   Chidambaram  .  On the first day of our class , I noticed  that among the thirteen of my class mates  , only one  was wearing Veshti like  me. Apart from that he had also a tuft(kudumi) . All others in the class were extremely well dressed. Naturally  our extremely poor circumstances    attracted us towards each other.    His name was D.Sundararaman. He was also living in Chidambaram    town   , with a devotee of Maha Periyavaa  .  There were city buses from university  to Chidambaram. Both of us preferred to walk   the 4 km   daily together. I understood from him that his  father was one Doraisamy Sastrigal who was    in the Kanchi Kama Koti mut . Seeing Sundara Raman’s  brilliance   Maha periyava  had requested his devotees   to look after his education.   He also wanted  my friend to keep   a Kudumi. Our friendship grew extremely strong during the three years   of my study   in the university. WE used to visit near by temples together  . I still remember    how visited   Vadalur  on a Thai Poosam day . We had also visited    Thanjavur and Trichy together. At the end of the three years , I managed   to write an All India entrance test   and got admission in ISI, Calcutta.  D.Sundararaman got a job of lecturer in Annamalai university itself  . Later he did his Ph.D. and went to work as a professor in some  middle eastern country  .He  also did work in Institute of MAT science , Madras     for a few years . Then he went and settled in USA as a teacher  . We both used to exchange letters   and  have visited each other’s homes  and   kept   our friendship burning bright  . About   a year back , he contacted me to contribute an article    about Goddess Kamakshi  , in a souvenir   to be brought out by him  to honour  the priest of Kamakshi temple ,who was his friend.  We did talk to each other . I feel extremely upset and sad today   that my friend who used to call me “PR squared  “ is no more  . I am praying God to give that the great soul permanent salvation .  

Saturday, June 14, 2014

Happy father's day to my great father

Today  is the Father’s day  . I have crossed   the age of 74   and my mind went back    to my    father.  My father whose name was P.R.Rama Iyer   was poor hotelier   in Hyderabad  and  had only completed   his education   up to third standard  . But he was an extremely wise    and intellectual person. Of his own he had   attained  mastery in Malayalam, Tamil, Sanskrit  , Telugu, Kannada    as well as Marathi and could easily read  all English newspapers. He was the first book worm that  I saw as he was a compulsive reader who   read anything  published in any of those   above languages. As a result   he was an extremely   wise person , who could give guidance to large  number of people who approached him., He was  madly involved    in the independence struggle of India. Due to his extreme poverty and  the need to look after    his  dependents , he  only read  volumes of literature   relating to our country  .He was a subscriber to   a paper called “Harijan”  which was being published  by the great Mahathma .He  was an expert in astrology which was our family  tradition. Though all his children were special to him  , fate made  me  live   along with him for a  very long time  without my mother and  siblings . He  used to talk to me about  what he knew   as well  as his ambitions.  He was forced to sell   his hotel due  to labour problem  and retire to the village. He told me that his ambition was    to make us all great   and he knew that without education this was not possible. He told me that  he would educate me by tightening his wants and by taking loan. He wanted me  to study well   and then  do all that   was needed   to realize his dreams. For  the next eight   years  I studied  in various colleges  and universities   staying in various hostels . I could manage  to get some scholarship   to finance part of my education. By the time  I came back and got a job my family   was in dire financial straits . Then my penance started  to fulfill  my father’s dream along   with my little darling younger brother . Years of struggle along with my father   and mother  lead me to the realization of my father’s   dream.
      Today   I remember him as the guiding spirit   and   the thirst of knowledge  of my life, If I say   to him,
“Happy father’s day “, he would perhaps  laugh    and say to me , “Konthe  , what is this nonsense?’
So I want to tell  him  who is in heaven , “Appa , I would have been nothing without you and all that things which other people consider   as my achievement are all yours . Appa,  I miss you even at this ripe old   age.”

Friday, May 23, 2014

A review of Bala Kandam as written in Valmiki Ramayanam, Adhyathma Ramayanam and Kamba Ramayanam

        Two days  back  I completed    the translation of Bala kandam of   “Ramavatharamof Kamban”  which is a book in Tamil. Though this was the original name     given to the book, over years  people  preferred   to call it Kamba Ramayanam.  Earlier I have  translated    The entire Valmiki Ramayanam from Sanskrit and the Adhyathma Ramayana from  Malayalam  has already been translated   by me. The original Adhyathma   Ramayanam is  in Sanskrit and is a part of Brahmanda Puranam.  It is supposed   to be written by Veda Vyasa     himself.
      The Ramayana of Valmiki     is   called the Aadhi kavya in Sanskrit i.e. the first epic. Sage Valmiki     who wanted a great book about a great hero   meets sage Narada    who    tells  to him the story  of Rama in a concise   form.  This is the first chapter  of   Valmiki Ramayana   and is referred to as   “SAmkriptha Ramayana”.  Lord Rama     was a contemporary of sage Valmiki .  Possibly due to this Valmiki   wrote the story “Rama the man”   who was known to him. Except in two places    Rama is not referred   to as God in the entire epic. There are no prayers addressed    to Rama  in the entire book. No character  including Hanuman refers to him as God. .There are no references to temples or prayers done in temples.  The  only prayer in the entire book is the Adhithya   Hrudayam , taught    to Lord Rama by sage Agasthya. There are many stories of several    characters    of Ramayana as well as other Gods  in that great book.
   Adhyathma Ramayana   or the  spiritual Ramayana is supposed   to have been written by Veda   Vyasa himself as a  part of Brhahmanda  Purana. .  It seems he was  greatly attracted  by  the divinity   in the personality  of Rama.  Unlike  the book by Valmiki,   Veda Vyasa wrote    about Rama , the God. . Almost every kandam (book) of the book has several prayers    addressed to Rama  .As soon as he is born , Kausalya his mother prays him . There are prayers of Rama in the book    sung by Asura characters like Khara   and Khabanda.  The bird Jatayu prays to him.  Sabari  the woman saint   prays him and so on.   Apart from that   Adhyathma Ramayana   contains the famous “Rama Gita”, which are   teaching of spirituality    by Rama to Lakshmana.
     Possibly one of the first books that was translated from  Sanskrit to the different languages   in India is the Valmiki Ramayana.  Most of those who attempted    the translation , did not translate verse by verse  of the original book.   Most of them were  not in agreement   with sage Valmiki   because they were all writing    about the God Rama and the Goddess  Sita. Most of them were  poets of  great standing   and wanted to  re write  the story   using their own verse.  One great scholar is of the opinion that    they should be called  as  trans-creations   rather than translations.  As a layman  I tend  to agree with this.  The most famous among these  trans-creations of Valmiki Ramayana are     Kamban’s   Ramavathara  Kathai  in tamil and Thulasidas’s  Ramacharitha Manasa     in Hindi . Kamban , called Kavi Chakravarthi (Poet emperor)  is a great poet. He starts with the premise that Rama is the  incarnation of Vishnu and Sita incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi.  Though he has mentioned in the introductory chapter , that his story   is based on Vamiki’s Ramayana , he follows   the rules of the grammar of Tamil in writing an epic. Because of this, the story  that   he presents appears different. I have not read Rama Charitha Manas and I do not know how it is different    from Valmiki Ramayana.
Till today  I have translated the Bala Kandam   of Valmiki Ramayana, Adhyathma Ramayana    as well as Kamba Ramayana.  I am giving below the differences that I noticed  IN Bala Kandam of these versions.. I have   listed the major turn of events in  the Bala Kandam of each of these  and have given   a summary of what is written in each of these great books:-
My translations   can be found in 
2.Adhyathma   Ramayanam-

Bala Kandam
      Bala Kandam is the first book of Ramayana  . It mainly deals with the Puthra Kameshi Yaga of Dasaratha and ends    with  the return of Rama  along with  his marriage    with Sita   to Ayodhya. This is possibly the only book of Ramayana   which deals only with happy incidents.
1.Number of verses.
      Bala Kanda of Valmiki consists  of 77 chapters    with about 2355 verses, The Bala Kanda of Adhyathma Ramayana    consists of only ten chapters  and that of Kamba Ramayanam   consists of 25 chapters   with 1311 verses.
2. Beginning  of the epic
    Valmiki Ramayana    begins    with   the summary narration  of sage Narada   to sage Valmiki  of the story of Rama  , When Valmiki decides    to write the epic, Lord Brahma   tells him that   he would be able to see   the Ramayana as it happened. Valmiki decided  on the meter to be used by  seeing  a hunter kill  one of the Krouncha bird pair. After he composes  it, he teaches it to Lava and Kusha , who go Ayodhya and sing it before Rama.Next two chapters describe  the city of Ayodhya  .
  Adhyathma Ramayana 
        ADhyathma starts    with  the telling of the story of Rama by Shiva    to Parvathi. It tells   how Lord Brahma orders a hunter   Valmiki to write the story. Then Shiva tells the story in detail of God Rama.
Kama Ramayana
      Kamba Ramayana starts with a prayer   to God. Then he  says , how  he is attempting an impossible job.. Tells about how the original story was    written by Valmiki  in Sanskrit. Then he   describes   , the river of Ayodhya, describes the country  , describes  the city  and finally about the    rule of  king Dasaratha.
3,How Dasaratha   got   sons.
  Valmiki Ramayana
      Dasaratha calls his councilors and tells them that   he wants to Aswamedha Yaga to get a son. Simanthra his minister tells him , about what he heard in Deva Loka that   if Dasaratha performs the Yaga    using the  services of sage  Rishya Srunga  .Then he tells the story of Rishya Srunga  . Dasarathathen brings  that sage to Ayodhya.  That sage performs the Aswamedha yaga for Dasaratha, At the end he also performs the Puthakameshti Yaga. Devas request Lord Vishnu to help them destroy Ravana and other Asuras. He says that he would be born to Dasaratha as a son  and requests them to be born as monkeys. A great being comes out of the sacrificial fire   and gives some Payasam to be distributed to his wives. Dasaratha gives half of the Payasam to Kausalya, half of the remaining to Sumathra  and half of what was remaining to Kaikeyi and  Whatever else was remaining     to   Sumathra again. Kausalya begets Rama, Sumithra begets  Lakshmana  and Sathrugna and  Kaikeyi begets  Bharatha, Dasaratha celebrates and gives   charity to Brahmins.
Adhyathma Ramayanam
    Dasaratha   did not have sons. As per the advice of   his Guru Vasishta, he contacts Rishya Srunga and  performs Puthakameshti,The fire God rises from the sacrificial fire  and gave Dasaratha , the Payasa, Dasaratha gave half the Payasa   to Kausalya and half to Kaikeyi  . Kausalya and Kaikeyi give half of what they received to Sumithra,When Rama was born to Kausalya  in the form of Lord Vishnu. Kaiusalya  [rays to that child  and he assumes the baby form.  Kaikeyi begets Bharatha and Sumithra begets  Lakshmana and Sathrugna.
Kamba  Ramayanam
  When Dasaratha tells  his Guru about his sorrow  in not having a son, Vasishta recollects how devas had appealed to Lord Vishnu and how he has promised them that    he would be born as a son  to Dasaratha. He tells   him  and advices him   to get the aswamedha sacrifice done  by Rushya   srunga. He also tells him   in detail    about Rushya Srunga. Dasaratha goes and brings the sage to do the Yaga..One ghost comes out of the sacrificial fire and gives a Pinda to Dasaratha   and orders him to distribute to his wives,DSAsaratha gives  A major portion of it to Kausalya and Kaikeyi and what is left   over to Sumithra. Kausalya begets Rama, Kaikeyi Bharatha and Sumithra begets Lakshmana and Sathrugna.. Here the story of Deva;s approach to Lord Vishnu is narrated.Dasaratha does special worship in temples. Gives lot of money to build them etc.
        It is interesting to note  that   there is no mention of any temple  in Ayodha in Valmiki Ramayana.
Viswamithra and  Rama
 Valmiki Ramayana
      Viswamithra comes to the court of  Dasaratha    for requesting him   to send Rama along with him to protect his Yaga. Dasaratha was reluctant. Urged by Vasishta   , Dasaratha sends Rama and Lakshmana    with Viswamithra.Viswamithra teaches them Bala and Athibala so that they can ward off    their hunger  and sleep. When they reach  God Shiva’s Ashram, Viswamithra tells them the story of Lord Shiva and the burning of Gpod of love by him. He also tells him about   the story of river Sarayu. As well as the Yakshi  ogress called Thataka . When  Rama was reluctant to kill THataka  , He quotes instances of Indra and Vishnu killing    women for the  good of people. Thataka is then killed by Rama. Indra requests  Viswamithra to give   him some great weapons which were   his ancestors. Viswamithra gives  Rama several divine weapons. The sage also gives Rama the control   of the weapons which were his ancestors and    told their   story. They reached the place where Mahabali  did his Yaga. and Vishnu did his penance.  Viswamithra then  tells   him the story of Mahabali and Vamana and starts  Yaga there. Viswamithra starts  his Yaga, For six days and six nights  no one comes. Asuras come to spoil the Yaga. Rama kills Subahu and throws Mareecha for a long distance  . Viswamithra completes   his Yag. Then Rama along with Viswamithra starts  to Mithila.
Adhyathma Ramayana
    When Dasaratha is reluctant    to send Rama along with Viswamithra, , Sage Vasishta tells  about the story of previous   birth of Dasaratha and tells him that Rama is lord Vishnu himself. Dasaratha sends Rama and Lakshmana along with sage Viswamithra. Viswamithra teaches them Bala and Athibala. They reach the forest of Thataka    and kill her. AS soon as she was killed she became a Yakshi   and wanted to go back to world of devas. Viswamithra taught several divine arrows to Rama. They reach Sidhasrama    and protect the Yaga   of Viswamithra.Rama killed Subahu    and   threw Mareecha to a long distance  . Mareecha surrendered to  Rama and became his devotee. There isa mention that Viswamithra     told them several stories. Then they started  towards Mithila.
Kamba Ramayanam 
    Viswamithra comes to Dasaratha    and requests    for help of Rama. He is reluctant. Viswamithra flies in to a rage  , Vasishta calms him down     and persuades   Dasaratha to send Rama along with the sage, They reach the hermitage  of Kama.  Then they all reach a desert. There is a detailed explanation of desert and its enviorment. Just by his look  that sage taught them two chants which made the desert cool for them.There they meet Thataka. Viswamithra   tells about her to Rama and requests to kill him.  Rama obeys his orders     and kills Thataka. Indra  appreciates   the act of Rama and requests him to give Rama  divine weapons. Viswamithra starts  the Yaga after giving him those divine weapons.  The asuras come. Rama  kills Subabhu  and throws out  Mareecha. After that they start  to go to Mithila.
Freeing Ahalya from the curse.
Valmiki Ramayanam 
Rama is told about     the Yaga being conducted by Janaka and also about Shiva’s bow  possessed by the king. When they take  rest, as per the request of Rama, Viswamithra tells about  His forefather Kushanabha   and his family up to his father Gadhi.  He also tells about his sister Gauthami who is a river. He further tells about river Ganga and her three branches, the birth of Karthikeya  , King Sagara, And king Bhageeratha who were his forefathers , They reach the town of Vaishali , where Viswamithra tells them the story   of churning of the ocean to get nectar, the story of Maruths . They reach  very near Mithila , There they see   a deserted hermitage  .  Viswamithra tells   the story of Ahalya. Indra who wanted to posses her badly came one day taking the form of her husband. Ahalya   , whose husband was an old man,  made love him inspite of her knowing that   it is not her husband. Gauthama comes and curses  Indra, to loose  his scrotum and testicles. He also cursed   Ahalya to become  invisible and live in that Ashram without food. Viswamithra tells Rama that  if Rama enters the hermitage Ahalya    would be purified.   The devas  graft   the testicle of a Ram    to Indra . Rama enters    the hermitage    and   frees Ahalya from her curse and rejoins her  with her husband.
Adhyathma Ramayana
     Viswamithra takes Rama to the lustrous hermitage  of sage Gauthama on their way to city of Mithila to see the bow of Shiva   which king Janaka has.He tells the story of  Ahalya, the daughter of Lord Brahma and wife of sage Gauthama.  Indra falls in love madly with her and goes to the hermitage when the sage is removed from the hermitage by a trick and possessed Ahalya.  The sage curses him that   he would have one thousand   generative organs all over his body. HE cursed Ahalya to become a stone and do penance.  He also told her that when Rama steps on her , she will regain her form. Rama stepped on the stone and she regained her  form. She then recites a prayer addressed to Rama. She was reunited with her husband.
Kamba Ramayanam
Rama along with the sage enters the  pretty Mithila. Near the gate of the town they had a strange experience  in giving  redemption to Ahalya.  Ahalya    was created as the most pretty lady by Brahma and given to sage Gautama  in marriage. Indra   fell in love with her.  So when the sage was away he came to his hermitage he made love to Ahalya.  She too realized that it was not her husband but permitted it. Sage Gautama came back , caught them red handed and cursed that Indra should have 1000  woman’s private parts on his body and Ahalya would become a stone. When Rama  was walking that way  , the dust of his feet touched that stone and she regained her form.  Sage Viswamithra took  Ahalya to the hermitage  of sage Gautama and  reunited Ahalya with him.  Then they proceeded to MIthila , the capital of king Janaka.
Marriage  with Sita
Valmiki Ramayanam
  Viswamithra and reaches the  place where  Janaka is performing his Yagna. Viswamithra introduces the lads to king Janaka, SAthananda the Guru of Janaka , who is the    son of Ahalya tells Rama about the story of the greatness   of  sage Viswamithra. Next day king Janaka tells how he   found Sita  and also the  the Shiva’s bow.  He told them when he put a condition   that those who want to marry her    should break Shiva;s bow, They are came to fight with him. Since he drove them away there are no  good suitors to the hand of Sita. Fifty hundred strong people drew that bow kept in a cart  and dragged the cart to that place. Rama easily strings the bow and breaks it. Messengers reach Ayodhya    and Dasaratha along with his teachers, ministers and army reaches Mithila.(He did not  bring his queens,) . Next day after his arrival    the marriage is celebrated. Before the marriage  Vasishta gives a detailed account of the clan of Rama     to Janaka and his relatives,. Then king Janaka tells about his clan and about his brother Kusadwaja. He offers  his daughter Urmila in marriage to Lakshmana   and the two daughters Mandavi  and Sruthakeerthi respectively to Bharatha and Shatrugna. The offer    is accepted. Meanwhile the  maternal uncle of Bharatha  Yudhajit who had gone to Ayodhya to see Bharatha reaches Mithila. The rites preceding the marriage   are  performed by the grooms as well as the brides.  Grains are put  in earthen pots to sprout. Janaka then gives  Sita in marriage to Rama to travel with him in the journey of his life like his shadow. Similarly  other brides also marry their grooms.
Adhyathma Ramayana.
   Sage Viswamithra   takes Rama  and Lakshmana and introduces   them  to king Janaka. Janaka wishesd that Rama is able to string the Shiva’s bow and get married to Sita. The tryambaka bow is brought by five thousand servants. Rama strings the bow and breaks it. Sita is decorated and she places the garland on the neck of Rama. King Dasaratha is informed about the marriage engagement.. Dasaratha   arrives along with his queens and younger brother of Rama. Janaka offers Dasaratha his other three daughters    to his other three sons.  Dasaratha   agrees to the proposal  . Janaka then tells them about the story of Sita. HE tells them that she is Yoga Maya . Janaka then recites a prayer addressed    to Janaka. After wards  Dasaratha  with all   his family members   starts   to  Ayodhya.
Kamba Ramayanam
    Viswamithra    along with Rama enters Mithila.  They pass near the home of royal maids.  Sita happens to see Rama and Rama sees Sita They fall in love. Sita and Rama suffer a lot due to love sickness. Then there is a very pretty description  of the city of Mithila. Rama and Lakshmana are  introduced to Janaka and his Guru Sadananda who is the son of Ahalya. Sadananda tells them the story  of  Viswamithra  and Vasishta. Sage Viswamithra then tells about the clan of  Rama. Next day sixty thousand servants bring the Shiva’s bpw. Sadananda then tells them about the story of that bow . Rama breaks the bow   King Janaka  , the sages and Devas   become happy. One of the friends of Sita runs and informs her about   the breaking of the bow. After hearing from her friends , Sita concluded that the person who broke the bow must be the one whom she loves, Janaka sends emissaries to Janaka with a proposal off  marriage.  Then there is   a very detailed description of  the travel of Dasaratha’s  people to Mithila. This contains detailed   description of all the people as well as    the  land through which they travelled. The queens and large   number of  ladies travelled with Dasaratha. Janaka receives them.  Rama and Lakshmana unite with their parents.  A  well decorated Sita meets   Dasaratha and his Guru. She is happy that she is going to marry some one whom she loves. The marriage is fixed for the next day. Great arrangements are made for the marriage by people of Mithila.  Rama gets married to Sita, The rituals  that are   followed are   that of a south Indian marriage . There is no mangalya dharana.   Rama’s mother    was not present during   the marriage  . Rama and Sita go and salute them later.  Next day the younger brothers of Rama marry the cousins of Sita. (their names are not  mentioned.   After some stay Dasaratha starts   home along with his family   and army.
Destruction of pride of Parasurama.
Valmiki  Ramayanam
    Sage Viswamithra leaves to Himalaya mountains to do further penance .  Dasaratha  starts with his family towards   Ayodhya. Janaka showers them with numerous presents. They saw that birds were crying out of fear . All animals went in clock wide direction around them . Vasishta tells  Dasaratha , that  omens are bad but would lead to good ending,  The fearful sage Parasurama appears    before them with  his axe as well as a fearful bow. The saints  offer him hospitality   and he started speaking to Rama. Parasurama told about his story as well as that of the Shiva bow.   He said Viswakarma made   another  similar bow and  gave it to Vishnu   and that was given to his forefathers.According to him the Shiva bow which was given to ancestors of Janaka had been damaged. He wanted Rama to  string his bow and shoot an arrow   with it. Dasaratha was scared. Rama easily bends the bow and keeps an arrow on it. He asks Parasurama whether it should damage his legs or take away  the effect of all good deeds done by him  Parasurama chooses   the later, He then salutes Rama and goes   back to Mahendra mountains. Afterwards   Dasaratha along with his people reaches Ayodhya comfortably.
Adhyathma Ramayanam
     While on his way back to Ayodhya Dasaratha     sees bad omens, Dasaratha asks Vasishta about them.. He said soon he would be scared   but later he would get over it.  The furious Parasurama makes his appearance then.  Dasaratha saluted him and also praised him. Parasurama claims that he is a superior Rama and challenges   Rama   to bend his Vishnu bow , Otherwise he asks him to be ready for battle. Rama with humility accepted  the challenge , bent the bow and  kept am arrow in it and requested Parasurama     to  show   the aim to that arrow. Parasurama then tells his story and said that Lord Vishnu had told that he would be born as Dasaratha’s son  .  Parasurama then  recites a stotra  praising Rama  ,He gave all his Punya’s as aim to Rama’s arrow    and goes   to Mahendra mountain for penance. Yudhajit the uncle of BHaratha takes Bharatha and Sathrugna along with their brides to Kekaya. Dasaratha  and Kausalya lived happily with their son and daughter in law.
Kamba Ramayanam
   Daratha with his army and people start to  Ayodhya. On the way , Peacocks   went round  them in Clock wise direction   and crows flew on their left side. The Omen reader was summoned and he told some thing bad will come but everything will turn out to be good.  At that  time Pasurama   a saint who has scared all  kings came before them. Dasaratha fell at his feet and requested him not to do  anything bad to Rama. Parasurama had brought the Vishnu’s bow.   He told the story of  how Shiva’s bow was damaged by Vishnu’s bow.  He wanted Rama to bent his bow and   shoot an arrow. If he was not able to it, he was required  to  fight with Parasurama. Rama easily did it and with Parasurama’s consent made   all the good deeds done by him as its aim.  Parasurama realized  that Rama was Vishnu himself   and left that place ,. Rama entrusted that divine bow to Varuna who had come  to witness the battle.  After Dasaratha and family reaches   Ayodhya, BHaratha and Shatrugna  leave to Kekaya country of their Grand father.
Once I complete the translation of other kandams   of  Kamba Ramayana , I proposed   to write    comparative reviews    and put them before you.


Tuesday, April 8, 2014

100 Village Gods of Tamil Nadu

                                                           100 Village  Gods of Tamil  Nadu

  I have been always fascinated by  the village Gods of Tamil Nadu, who re termed as “Kaval deivangal(The security Gods). I have found  that the people of Tamil Nadu have an  affection mixed with fear towards these Gods. Here is a write up about some of them arranged alphabetically . I am sure these Gods who form a part of the natural  scene of Tamil Nadu would  guard   all  of us.

Village Gods of the Tamil Country

Aachi Kizhavi of Usilampatti

Adaikkalam Kathar of Gopala samudram

Agaram Serathamman of the herb garden

Aindu oor Nalla Thangal

Ambagarathur Bhadra Kali amman temple

Anai Malai Masani Amman temple

Angala Parameshwari of Yenadhi chenkottai

Aranmanai Chandana Karuppu.

Ariyakurichi Vettudayaar Kali Amman

Ariyalur Kottai Muniappan Koil

Bhadra kali and Murasappan of Velliyampathi

Changili karuppar of Kizha vayal

Chellandi Amman of Madhukarai

Chemmuneeswarar of Poosariyoor

Chenpaka moorthi Ayyanar

Ezhai Katha Amman of Vellalur Nadu

Gowri vallavar of Padamathur

Hosur Kottai Mariamman

 Idamalai Mahalinga Maya Karuppu of Vatthalakundu

Irulappan-Pathala Pechi of Srivilliputhur

 Kadaipillai Ayyanar of Melur

Kadambagudi Ulagammal

Kadayur Vellaimmal Koil

Kadha Maravar Kali of Keezhkathi

 Kali theertha Ayya of Aayakaranpulam

Kannaki Durgai of Nallu thevan patti

Karkuvel Kayynar

Karumathur Moonu Sami Koil

Kattu Chelliamman Kovil

Keezh Kaathi Maravar Kali

Kokkuvetti Karuppannachami of Thiruengoimalai

Kolli Pavai of Kolli Malai

Kondrayandi Ayyanar

Koodamudayar of Kalayar kurichi

Koovakam koothandaar

Kurathi Amman of Anaivari village

Madappuram Bhadrakali

Madhavaram Chelli amman temple

Makaliamman of Pulavar palayam

Malai Karuppu Chami of Kattupalayam

Mambarai Muniyappan

Mandu Karuppu-Mandu Karuppi of Jeyamangalam

Mangala devi (kannagi ) temple at Vannathi parai

Manjaneeswarar Ayyanar appan of Keezhputhupattu

Manveli Draupadhi amman temple

Mappilai Veeran of Thagatoor

Marathurai Kathyayani

Mariyamman of Punnainallur

Maya Kuruvi – Chamayi of Mukkudi

Mel maalyanoor Angalamman Temple

Mel malai karuppu

Muthu pillai Palayam Naga Muthu Mariyamman

Nadiyamman of Pattu Kottai

Nadupatti Veeru Mallamma Koil

Navaladiar of Mohanur

Oor kattiya Pattayya of koo pudupatti

Oor Kattu Chudalai Madan of Uppanimuthur

Oppilatha Amman of Ariyalur

Pachai malyaan of Kappathampatti

Pachai nachiyamman temple of Trichinapally

Palayadi Karuppu

Pandi Muneeswarar of Melmadai

Pattalamman, Chandana Karuppu and Dombarai amman

Periya Kandi Amman of Veerapur

Periya Mariamman koil of Ramanathapuram

Periyasami Ayyanar of Chokkampatti(Kadayanallur)

Pirandi Ayyanar of Chelliyampatti

Por panai kottai Muneeswarar

 Poruloor Nalla Mangai Amman

Poy cholla meyyar Bhadra kali of Moolangudi

Poyyalamman of Okkur

Putheri Ant hill temple

Salem Pootu Chami or Alankottai muniyappa temple.

Samana Malai Ayyanar and Karuppana chami of Keezh kuil kudi

Samana malai Ayyanar Karuppannachami of Nagamalai

Siravetti ayyanar of Melayur

Sudalai Madan of Seevalapperi

Thakaraveli Mariamman Temple

Thambi kalai Ayyan

Thavasi Aandi of Melaurappanur

Theepayntha Nachiyar of Bhoothangudi

  Thenachi Amman Temple

Thiruvanai Kaval Margamudaya Ayyanar

Thiruvettazhaigaya Ayyanar of Peyadi kottai

Thottichi Amman of Periya Poolankulam

Thuravu Mel Azhagar of Chaluppai

Thurayur Angala Parameswari temple

Vagurani Palla Karuppu

Vaikunda moorthi of Sundara pandiyam

Valladi Karar of Ambalakkaran Patti

Vana Bhadrakali of Thekkepatti

Veera Bhayangaram Ayyanar

Velappar of Mavuthu

Vendimuthu Karuppu of v. Kallapatti

Veppilai Kari of Mangudi

Vettudayar Kali of Ariyakurichi