Sunday, December 15, 2013

Dinamani a Tamil Newspaper writes about me

Expert in Translatuion
(From Dinamani  , tamil news paper  15/12/2013
P.R.Ramachander    who lives in Koramangala    is a tamilian .He had retired after 36 years of service  in Indian Institute of Horticultural Research , He  knows well  Carnatic Music as well as Stotras..He has   great interest in matching of horoscopes.
  Apart from that he has translated   more  than one thousand stotras   of Gods  in to English.   In this are included Vishnu Sahasaranamam,  Lalitha Sahasranamam  , Lakshmi Sahasranamam  , Soundarya Lahari  , Kandhar Sashtoi Kavacham , BHagawad Gita ,
  He has also translated   more than 1000 Carnatic music Krithis   without sacrificing their meaning . Some of the other books  he has translated   are
Bhagwatham,  Narayaneeyam  , THubjathu Ezhuthachan’s   Adhyathma Ramayanam written in Malayalam  ( The malayalis read it in the month of Adi), Valmiki Ramayanam, ^5 village Gods of Tamil Nadu  , *5 famous temples of Kerala  , The Periya Ezhuthu Vikramadithyan story .
P,R,Ramachander who tirelessly   do all this work is 74.

Thursday, April 4, 2013

Sins to be avoided

Sins to be avoided
Srivathsa Somadeva Sharma
Translated by
Every religion believes that  we should not do sins  and if we do it God would punish us.  Ofcourse  the list of sins and the punishment that we would get  differs slightly from religion to religion.  Hinduism believes  that every one should desist  from doing sins. This list of  sins is  collected  and given by a great Scholar  called  Srivathsa Somadeva Sarma. This material is the English translation of the information that he has given in a book called  “Stotra ChinthamanI”  published in Tamil by  Sri Surabhi Jagatguru Publications , Madras in the year 1998.Most of these sins are normal acts  which we should do to a health life.  Even if you do not believe in them, Why not try not  to do them and see for yourself whether they are true or not?

1.Troubling others
2. Talking ill of others
3.Stealing property of others
4.Desiring the wife of another person
5.Leaving out  rituals prescribed for us.
6.Not doing acts  proscribed by Sastras.
7.Sleeping in dawn
8.Sleeping in day time.
9.Biting the  nails.
10.Eating food without taking bath.
11.Eating food without chanting God’s name or prayers.
12.Eating food without offering it to God.
13.Eating food  without offering it  to the guest.
14.Finding fault with God.
15.Not standing up and saluting when elders come.
16.Eating food on Ekadasi day . Using Thamboola on that day.
17.Berating  girls without reason and making them cry
18.Lying down, eating food and  sleeping at dusk
19.Making husband and wife quarrel.
20.Answering natures calls while standing.
21.Drinking water   standing
22.Sleeping  with head pointed towards north or eating facing north.
23 Spitting in water. Answering natures call in water
24.Not putting caste marks on the forehead.
25.Drinking milk in the day time and curd at night time.
26.Scratching head using both hands.
27.Answering natures calls facing the sun, temple and cow.
28.Cleaning  of  one leg using the  other leg.
29.Keeping lamp , bell  Durba grass, Garland of gems on  the  earth.
30.Addressing elders disrespectfully  (Yeka vachanam)
31.Waking up people who are  sleeping.
32.Throwing stones in the pond.
33.Seeing the sun during sun rise and sun set.
34.Calling elders using their names.
35.Bragging about oneself..

Effect of doing Charity(Dhana)

Effect of doing Charity(Dhana)
Srivathsa Somadeva Sharma
Translated by
All religions in the world believe that charity  would help  you  in doing God’s deed. Ofcourse charity should be given to the  proper person .Hinduism believes that Charity should be given to the Brahmin  who has  chosen to dedicate  all his  life to the study of religion and lead a life of penury. This list of  different charities  and  the gift that we are likely to get by doing them is given by a great Scholar  called  Srivathsa Somadeva Sarma. This material is the English translation of the information that he has given in a book called  “Stotra ChinthamanI”  published in Tamil by  Sri Surabhi Jagatguru Publications , Madras in the year 1998.Most of these gifts are easily  affordable  by all of  you. Even if you do not believe in them, Why not try to do them and see for yourself whether they are true or not?

1.Gifting  cloth would increase life span.
2.Gifting land would make you attain  Brahma loka.
3.Gifting honey in a  bell metal vessel would lead to birth of a son.
4.Gifting a cow  would repay debt to Sages, devas   and Pithrus(manes)
5.Gifting a cow just before death will help the soul to leave without pain.
6.Gifting a cow after death would help you cross the river Vaitharani   easily.
7.Gifting a cow for any particular purpose would help you succeeding in your purpose.
8.Gifting of gooseberry(Nellikkai/Amalakam)  would get you wisdom.
9.Giving a lamp inside  the temple   would make you an emperor
10.Gifting of a lamp would improve your eye sight
11.Gifting a she buffalo would avoid premature death.
12.Gifting of seeds  would result in long life , It also results in long life to our children.
13.Gifting of uncooked rice  would remove sins.
14.Gifting of Thamboola(Betel leaf, arecanut and lime)  would give you heaven.
15.Gifting of fruits would take you to heaven  after death.
16.Gifting of blanket would cure rheumatism.
17.Gifting of cotton would cure leucoderma.
18.Gifting of Yagnopaveetha(Sacred thread) would make you a Brahmin in the next birth.
19.Gifting of flowers, Thulasi  , Samith , vegetables .and grains would help you to go to heaven.
20.Gifting of ghee  would cure your  sickness.
21.Gifting of  sugar  would give you long life.
22.Gifting of milk , would remove your sorrow.
23.Gifting of  sweets and savories , would remove road blocks.
24.Gifting of banana fruit would make you intelligent.
25.Gifting of honey  would give you body luster and  beauty.
26.Gifting of Jaggery  would remove your sorrow.
27.Gifting of coconut   would remove  worries.
28.Gifting of Puffed rice(Pori in tamil ) would make life pleasant.
29.Gifting of seasame would remove fear of death.
30. Gifting of curd  would lead to more masculinity.
31.Gifting of beaten rice(avil in tamil)  would get you blessings of God.
32.Gifting of Bengal gram   would lead to birth of children.
33.Gifting of multi grain flour(sathu Mavu in Tamil)  would develop devotion to God.
34.Gifting of Payasam (Sweet gruel/kheer)  would get us blessing of Pithrus(manes) and continuation of our clan.
35.Gifting of gold  would remove sins as well as poverty.
36.Gifting of Umbrella and slippers would give you happiness  in the world of Yama.
37.Gifting of a Kanya(virgin maid)   would take you  after death to world of Brahma.
38.Gifting of fan  , Panaka(sweet  jaaggery water) Butter milk   and sacred waters  would take you to the land of Vayu/Varuna after  your death.
39.Gifting of a bed would make your life pleasurable.
40.Gifting of rosary , seat, sacred ash  , Sandal wood paste would give a happy life in next birth.
41.Giving of food would lead you to heaven after death. It also would make you get food, when you are in need of it.

Effect of doing good deeds

Effect of doing good deeds
Srivathsa Somadeva Sharma
Translated by
Every religion believes that  doing good deeds  would lead to blessing of God and  personal benefits in life. Ofcourse  this differs slightly from religion to religion.  Hinduism believes  that every one should lead a good life. This list of good deeds and  the gift that we are likely to get by doing them is given by a great Scholar  called  Srivathsa Somadeva Sarma. This material is the English translation of the information that he has given in a book called  “Stotra ChinthamanI”  published in Tamil by  Sri Surabhi Jagatguru Publications , Madras in the year 1998.Most of these good deeds are extremely easy to perform. Even if you do not believe in them, Why not try to do them and see for yourself whether they are true or not?

1.Grow a forest of Thulasi (ocimum), your sins would go away.
2.Worship a Brahmin,  your dangers  would go away.
3.Grow trees, your life in this world and in heaven would be pleasant.
4.Digging a public well or tank , would repay the loan of a son to his mother.
5.Worship of the guest, would take you to heaven.
6 . Bath for performance of a yaga or bath with  the  God in tank or river   would lead to strength and food.
7.Building a temple to either Shiva or Vishnu would ensure your place in Kailasa  or Vaikunta.
8.Sweeping and cleaning a temple  and drawing a kolam (Rangoli) there  would ensure life in heaven.
9.Thilahoma(Fire offering of gingelly along with Manthra)  would remove committed sins.
10.Reading  of Rudra, Chamaka  and Purusha Sooktha  would make you be  a Brahmin in next birth.
11.Reading of ri Suktha  would give you wealth.
12.Planting a Banyan tree , Performing Upanayana   and Pradakshina(Going round the deity)  would remove sins and give you great  luck.
13.Daily Sradham  would make Pithrus(Manes) pleased and would ensure growth of the family.
14.Observing fast   would lead to strength of the body and health.
15.Taking Pancha Gavya, would remove sins from bones and skin and would cure lunacy.
16.Feeding grass to the cow and comforting it  would lead to birth of children.

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Prayers addressed to nine planets

Dear Friends,
      All of us undergo good and bad times in our life. When things do not  go as per our wish, there is a high probability that these   are caused by planets. .Planets at the time of birth indicate , the problems  which are likely to be caused by absence of wealth, bad married life, lack of children and many other such aspects. Also the period  in our life  which  a particular  planet controls our life  is  called Dasa of that planet. These dasas again determine the bad and good periods of our life depending on the  nature of the planet  and its strength.  After this  the planets keep on travelling in their course. When these reach particular  houses , they also lead to problems. A well trained astrologer would be able to find out   which planet (s)  caused a particular problem at a particular time. Once we know this information , astrologers suggest  various methods to get rid of these problems or  lessen  the impact of these problems like prayers, homas , Yanthras(Thalisman)  , gems , pilgrimages to certain temples etc. One of these is  the direct prayers  to the planets. Over years I have collected many such prayers and have  translated them.  I am listing all of them here .

1.Navagrahas (nine planets)
      These prayers are addressed to all the  nine planets    and are chanted  daily so that problems caused by all of the planets are  avoided and for beseeching all the planets to shower their grace on us.

1.Veda Vyasa’s Nava Graha Stotram
2.Nava  Graha peeda Hara  Stotram
3.Nava Graha Stotram of Vadhi Raja Theertha

2.Surya ( also called as Ravi, Adithya, Bhaskara etc)
     He is the son of sage Kashyapa  and is  believed to ride on a chariot driven by Aruna  and dragged by seven horses. Ruby is his associated  gem stone and Lord Narayana  is the God associated   with him.  He goes through one rasi in  one month time.  The stars associated with him are Krithika, Uthram and Uthradam. People with Surya in  7, 8 and 12th rasi from Lagnam   are  requested to chant any one of these stotras on Sundays . During the months in which low scores are  there in Surrya ashta vargam , it is recommended that  one of these prayers is chanted on Sundays..

9.Trilokya mangala  Surya kavacham

3.Chandra  (Moon)
    Chandra is the God born out of the ocean of milk when it was churned. There is another story that he is the son of  sage Athri . He married 27 daughters  of Daksha Prajapathi and was cursed  for being partial to Rohini . Later Lord Shiva   wore him on his head. Shiva is his God  and moon stone/white coral are  the gems associated. The Stars associated with him are  Rohini, Hastham and THiruonam,(Sravanam) .People with moon in the 6th, 8th and 12th Rasis from Lagnam are likely to have problems. They should chant one of these on every monday

3.Kuja (Mars is called Mangal  in Hindi and Chevvai in Tamil)
         Kuja  is  the son of  Bhoomi Devi and  the incarnation of Boar  of Lord Vishnu.  Lord Subramanya is the God associated with him  and red coral  is the gem associated with him. He causes dosha when he is in first, second, fourth, sixth, eighth and twelfth houses. He  reduces the number of offsprings if he is in the fifth house.  The stars associated with him are  Mrugaseersha, Chithra and Dhanishta.  People pray him for getting married and also freedom from debts.

4.Budha (Mercury)
     Budha is the son of moon and Tara   the wife of Guru.  He is the planet governing intelligence. The God associated with him is Lord Vishnu and the  gem associated with him is Emerald.  The stars associated with him are Ayilyam(aslesha) , Kettai (Jyeshta and Revathi.  BUdha  in third and twelfth house leads   to problems of intelligence. Such people are  requested to chant one of these stotras.

5.Guru (Jupiter)
     Guru is the Guru of all Devas. He is also called Brahaspathi . He is the son of  sage Angeeras.  The God associated with him is Lord Brahma  and Lord Dakshinamurthy. The stars associated with him are   Punarvasu , Visakham and Pororattathi. When he is weak, marriage would get delayed. In third and twelfth house in the horoscope he leads to negative results. People with such problems are requested   to chant one of these stotras on Wednesdays.

6.Shukra  (venus)
    He is the Guru of all asuras.He is the son of sage Brugu(Some say he is sage Brugu himself) ,The God associated with him is the Goddess Parvathi  and the gem associated with him  is diamond. The stars associated   with him are Bharani, Pooram   and Pooradam. He also gives negative results  in third and twelfth houses. He is the planet associated with love.

7.Sani (Saturn also called Mandha)
    He is the son of sun God. Once  his  half brother threw a stone and broke one of his leg. So he can  only move slowly. He takes two and half years  to cross one rasi. The god associated with him are  Lord Venkateswara, Lord Ayyappa and Lord Hanuman. The gem associated with him is blue sapphire. When he travels  In 1,2, 4 ,6, 8 , and 12th rasis from moon, he leads to untold sufferings. It is requested that  any one of the following stotras be chanted on Saturdays during those times. His dasa which lasts up to  19 years is supposed   to result in various misfortunes.   The  stars associated with him are Pooyam, Anusham and Uthrattathi.

4.Sanaischara  dwadasa nama stotram

   Rahu is  the head portion of  the son of sage Kashyapa  and  a Rakshasi called Simhika.  He is only considered as half a planet.  Rahu in 7th and 8th house  delays marriage and in 5th house leads to less of children.  The stars associated with him are Arudhra, Swathi and Chathayam.  The God associated  is Lord Subramanya and the gem associated is Gomedhaka . Those having problems  due to him should chant  one of the following on  Tuesdays.

   Kethu is the body part of the son of sage Kashyapa and Rakshasi  Simhika. He is also considered as half planet. Kethu in 7th , 8th house is supposed to delay marriage  and in fifth house  is supposed to lead to few children.   The stars associated    are Aswathi , Makam  and Moolam. The God associated is Lord Ganapathi   and the gem associated is  Vaidoorya.Those having problems due to him should chant  one of the following  on Saturdays.


Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Poonthanam and the Bhakthi movement in Kerala

       In spite  of Adhi Sankara , who has  himself composed large number of great devotional stotrams , being  born In Kerala  and in spite  of the Bhakthi movement which  was full  swing in neighboring   Thamizh Nadu  lead  by the Nayanmar’s(Shaivism)  and Azhvars (Vaishnavism) , the Bhakthi movement in Kerala started  only at the end of 15th centaury. Ofcourse Kulashekara Azhvar who wrote Mukunda Mala in Sanskrit  and several other Tamil works belonged to Kerala. This Bhakthi movement  of Kerala  was lead by four great poets viz Thunchathu Ezhuthachan, LeelaShuka called as Bilwamangalam Samiyar     , Meppathur Narayana Bhattathiri  and Poonthanam.While Bilwamangalam and  Meppathur  preferred to write in  Sanskrit , Thunjathu Ezhuthachan  and Poonthanam preferred to write  in Malayalam. Sri Krishna Karnamrutham   of Bilwamangalam who was  one of the pioneer of Krishna Bhakthi movement  , reached the hands of the savants of Bhakthi movement of Bengal and he became popular throughout India. But the other great writers were known only inside Kerala.  It was the great savant and Harikatha exponent of Tamil Nadu  Brahmasri  Sengalipuram Anantharama Deekshithar  who popularized Narayaneeyam,  the master piece of  Meppaathur in Tamil Nadu.   The other two   did not get  the popularity that  they deserved among the devotees outside Kerala  because , Malayalam   was not understood  outside Kerala. In spite of that many people did hear    about The Adhyathma Ramayanam kili pattu of Ezhuthachan and the Jnanapana  of Poonthanam.
   I have recently taken up   the translation of some of the great  works of Poonthanam,. Poonthanam was  not his name but the name of the Nambudiri family that he  belonged.  We do not know his real name. Though he did learn Sanskrit, some how, he was more interested  in Malayalam. He used to live in a village called  Keezhathur   near Perinthalmanna of Kerala which was not very far away from Guruvayur.  He used to be a devotee of  the mother Goddess  of  Perinthalmanna, who also happened to be  the Kula Deivam of the Zamorin kings. He was not blessed  with a child  for a long time after marriage. Then a son was born to him. The child passed away  under  tragic circumstances  on its first birthday.  Being a great devotee  and a great philosopher , he  decided to go to Guruvayur. From that time onwards he became an ardent devotee of  Guruvaurppan. It was at this time  when Meppathur Narayana Bhatathiri , a great sanskrt scholar   and an ardent devotee  of Guruvayurappan was writing Narayaneeyam in Guruvayur. Poonthanam also started writing his  great works at that time. Most of the works of Poonthanam were in Malayalam  , few in simple Sanskrit and four of them in Tamil. Even in Malayalam  he took up for his writing  using  the Pana style which was  similar to the blank poem, with  very less  rules governing it  and written using the conversational Malayalam rather  than the Malayalam of the scholars  , which was mostly Sanskrit.   Some of the  great works that he wrote were  Jnana Pana, Kuchela Vrutham Pana , Santhana Gopalam Pana, Bhasha Kasrnamrutham and Kumara Haranam Pana. Out of this Jnana Pana was  a work of extreme devotion to Lord Krishna , with Advaitha philosophy  in simple language  so that it can be understood by the common people . Bhasha Karnamrutham was prayer songs addressed to Lord Krishna.  Then he also several stotras addressed mainly addressed to Krishna, but also addressed  to Shiva   as well as Goddess  Parvathi.
   There are many   stories about how Poonthanam was recognized  by Guruvayurappan himself. It seems once when he was reading Vishnu Sahasranamam, instead of reading Amara Prabhu (the eternal lord)  , he read Mara Prabhu(Woodden Lord)  It seems Meppathur  who heard that laughed at him. It is believed that  the voice of Guruvayurappan  from inside the temple ,told Meppathur, that he would prefer to be Poonthanam’s Mara Prabhu rather than bring  Meppathur’s  Amara Prabhu.  Another story tells how Meppathur refused  to edit the manuscript of Poonthanam on Bhasha Karnamrutham, saying that  it did not have Vibhakthi. That day night, Meppathur became very sick   and the Lord came in his dream in told him that Poonthanam’s Bhakthi was  more dear to him. There is also a story of How Once Guruvayurappan saved Poonthanam  from robbers in the guise of the Minister of Zamorin. It seems Poonthanam presented  him his  ring and next da, it appeared  in the sanctum sanctorum of Guruvayur temple and the priest was  ordered to return it to Poonthanam,. Poonthanam lived to the ripe old age of 92. When he became  unable to go to Guruvayurapan temple, the Lord himself came to Poonthanam’s house  and asked him to build a temple for him there. Poonthanam constructed the temple on the left side of his home and called  him Vamapureswaran. It is also believed  that the Lord personally came to take  Poonthanam to heaven.   I am very happy to  be able to translate   the following   works of Poonthanam in to English:-

14.Vasudeva Sthuthi (Tamil)

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Sage Viswamithra

Sage  Viswamithra


Viswamithra  (Friend of the world) was one  of greatest Vedic sages of India. He was a king belonging to Chandra  vamsa(moon clan to which King Santhanu belonged in later years). His great grand father was the great king Kusa. His grand father was Kusanabha  and his father’s name  Was Gadhi. Gadhi married and begot a daughter called Sathyavathi. Sathyavathi  married a sage called Ruchaka. When Sathyavathi and her mother wanted to have sons, Ruchaka gave a  Charu(cooked rice offering) each to Sathyavathi and her mother. The Charu given to Sathyavathi was the characteristic  of a Brahmin and that  given to her mother was the characteristic of  a royal  lineage. The mother and daughter without knowing this exchanged  the charus and , Sathyavathi’s mother gave  birth to a son called Kausika(Great grand son of Kusa)  and Sathyavathi gave birth to sage Jamadagni.
   Kusa grew up learning all Vedas   and became a great king after  his father. Once he went for hunting  in the forest along with a vast army. He lost his way and was stranded at night fall. He  saw a light  at a great distance  and it turned out to be the hermitage  of sage Vasishta. Vasishta  welcomed him along with his army and offered them food. King Kausika pointed out that  a huge army was with him. Vasishta summoned his cow Nandini who was  the daughter of the celestial cow Kamadhenu. She provided sumptuous food for all of them. King Kaushika thought that the possession of a cow like Nandini should rest with the king , because he can wipe out the hunger of his subjects. When he requested for it, sage Vasishta refused to part with the cow. King Kaushika wanted to take away  Nandini from Vasishta  and tried to wage a war against him. Sage Vasishta simply planted his   staff in front of him. None of the weapons of Viswamithra and his army could cross the staff. King Kaushika realized that sagehood was much more powerful than him .He gave his kingdom to his sons and  started  doing thapas addressed to lord Brahma. After 1000 years,  Brahma came before him and made  him as Rajarishi(Royal sage) . When Viswamithra  wanted the title of Brahmarishi , Brahma told him  that  he was not mature enough for that . After  another 1000 years ofd Thapas, which was interrupted by Indra by sending an Apasaras  called Menaka, of whom Viswamithra got a daughter Shakuntala, he was awarded   the title of Maharshi.  Brahma pointed out to him  that  still he had not attained the  detachment necessary to become a Brahma rishi and awarded the title of Maharshi.  Kaushika continued his thapas. At this time  a king called Trisanku , to whose clan sage Vasishta was  the Guru was cursed by the son’s of Vasishta   to become  a Chandala,  for wanting f to go to heaven along with his body. Sage Kaushika took great pity on him  and gave all his  Thapasya to Trisanku and lifted him up to the heavens. But Indra pushed him down from there. Sage Kaushilka started constructing  a new heaven for Trisanku. Lord Brahma appeared before  sage Kaushika   and dissuaded him from his job and trisanku was made in to a star  of the sky. Sage Kaushika had to recommence his thapas. This time  Indra send an apasaras  called Rambha to disturb his penance. Sage Kaushika cursed  her to become  a stone.  Lord Brahma came before him and  gave him the title of Brahmarishi. Sage Vasishta also recognized him as  a Brahma rishi. Sage Kaushika   was  given the status of one of the saptha rishis. (Seven great sages). At this time he authored one chapter  of the great  Rig Veda  , in which  the greatest gift to Human beings viz Gayatri Mantra occurs. Since this revelation helped the universe  in their march towards  greater realization , later on he was referred  to as sage Viswamithra(The friend of the world).

Viswamithra  and king Harischandra
  The enmity between Vasishta with sage Viswamithtra continued   even then. At that time , in the Sun dynasty for which Vasishta was  a Guru, there a king called Harischandra. Harischandra married a princess called Chandramathi . Since they did not have children ,as per their advice of Guru Vasishta, he did penance  addressed  to Varuna.  Varuna blessed  them to have a son but demanded that the son so born should be given  to him for being used   as the animal of sacrifice for the Yaga that  he was doing. The king and queen agreed and they got a son called Lohithaksha. Whenever  Varuna asked  their son for being used  as animal for sacrifice, The king told some reasons  and postponed it. Vasishta then advised them , that  a son can be bought with the willingness of a father  and given for sacrifice .Harischandra bought a Brahmin boy called Soonasaphan , who was  very sad about his fate. Viswamithra happened to see  him and  taught him the Varuna manthra, by chanting which the Brahmin boy escaped. Viswamithra then decided to trouble king Harischandra. He approached  the king and asked him for a dhana(Charitable offering) . the king gladly agreed. Viswamithra asked all his riches as well as his kindom. The king agreed. But along with a dhana to a Brahmin, a Dakshina(cash offering) need to be given. Viswamithra insisted on this. Since king Harischandra did not have money, he was first forced to sell his wife and later himself. His master employed him to guard the cremation ground that  he owned.
One day Lohithaksha , his son died of snake bite and Chandramathi who was a slave  somehow brought his body for cremation. Harischandra was forced  to reject the cremation of the body   of his son as  his wife did not have any money. Gods appeared before them  and gave life to Lohithaksha. They also blessed  Harischandra and his wife. Sage Viswamithra   returned his kingdom to him.

Viswamithra  and Menaka
   It was at the time when Viswamithra was doing great penance that Indra  became scared  of his great power. So he sent one of the pretty dancer in his court  called Menaka  to  tempt  sage Viswamithra. She succeeded in her endevour  and became  pregnant with his  child. That   Menaka then gave birth to a pretty female child , whom she left at the banks of  river Malini. Some birds called Shaakunthas  took care of the baby for some time.Sage Kanva who came  that way took that baby to his ashram and brought  her up  there. When she grew up , she fell in love with king Dushyantha and became pregnant of his child. Due to some curse king Dushyantha forgot about his relation with  Shakunthala.  Sage Kanva also disowned her. Shakunthala  brought up her son Bharatha in the forest .When Dushyantha  got redemption from his  curse, he recognized both of them  and took them back  to his  kingdom.That son Bharatha became the king after him and conquered the entire India. Because of that India was called  Bharata varsha .

Viswamithra  and sri Rama

    Viswamithra did many Yagas   for the betterment of the world. The ogress  called Thadaka  and her two sons with their retinue did not allow  Viswamithra to carry  his yagas. So Viswamithra went to Ayodhya and requested king Dasaratha  to send hisson  Rama  with him , to kill the Rakshasas , so that he can carry out the Yaga in peace. Initially Dasaratha  was reluctant but  as her the advice  of his Guru Vasishta , he sent the Boys Rama and Lakshmana  to help sage Viswamithra. Viswamithra taught them two manthras  called Bala  and Athibala , by chanting which  Rama and Lakshmana   were  able to live without  hunger and sleep. He also taught them several divine astras. Rama killed Thadaga  as well as her son Subahu  and protected  the yaga.After the   Yaga was completed  Viswamithra took both of them to Mithila  , where Rama  broke  the bow of Shiva and got married  to Sita. On the way Viswamithra also  made Rama to step on a stone and  gave redemption to Ahalya  from the curse of her husband.

Viswamithra  and Rambha
     Rambha was  another  celestial dancer who came to   to disturb the penance of Viswamithra. However she could not entice Viswamithra. Viswamithra  cursed  her to become  a stone. When she begged his pardon, he told her the curse  would be lifted  after her being  a stone   for ten thousand years  and at that time a Brahmin called  Bhoorithejas  will touch  the stone and she will regain her original form.

Viswamithra  and Vidhyuthprabha
   Once Viswamithra started a penance  to get  the position of Khubera. Disturbed by this Khubera  sent an apsaras  called Vidhyuthprabha to disturb his penance. When with her pretty form she was not able  to  disturb the  penance of Viswamithra, she took a  horrible  and fearful form of a rakshasi  and started  disturbing him. Viswamithra  became very angry and cursed her to permanently assume that form. When  she begged his forgiveness , he said to her that the curse  will be lifted  when Sridatha, the son of Kalanemi catches hold of her hair..After  several years Kalanemi was born to a Brahmin called  Yajnasena in the Malawa kingdom. When his son Sridatha  caught hold of her hair , she regained her original form.

Viswamithra  curses Vasishta
     In the aftermath of  the happenings to Harischandra , once  Vasishta met Viswamithra who was  walking in the form of an imposter. Vasishta  told Viswamithra , that like a crane doing penance to catch fish, he deceived king Harischandra and so Vasishta cursed  Viswamithra  to become a crane. In turn  Viswamithra cursed Vasishta to become a golden dear as long as he was a crane. They both went to Manasaras  and started living there. They daily fought with each other, Lord Brahma , who was the father of Vasishta intervened and made  both of them assume  their original form.

Viswamithra  and river saraswathi
     Once sage Viswamithra ordered river saraswathi to rise and flood and drag in her  tide sage Vasishta and bring before the place he himself was  doing penance. Though river Saraswathi  was reluctant to do this,  fearing the curse  of Viwamithra, she rose in to a flood and dragged sage Vasishta down in to the river. Being not willing to  offer sage Vasishta to sage Viswamithra , she  increased her  speed when nearing the hermitage of Viswamithra  and went below the earth. Viswamithra  got very angry and cursed her  to become reddish.All the devas were  very disturbed by this  and talked to both of them. They made that place where river saraswathi turned red  in to a holy spot called Vasishtapaham.

Viswamithra  and Galava
   Sage Galava  was the son of  sage Viswamithra  himself . He  did not want to  have any other Guru but studied under Viswamithra himself. Once   Lord Yama  came as a guest to Viswamithra’s house . When Viswamithra  came  with food to be given to the guest, Lord Yama disappeared. Sage Viswamithra stood at that place  for one hundred years  expecting the return of the guest. He came after one hundred years. Sage Galava  stood by the side of Viswamithra doing him service all these years. Viswamithra   was greatly pleased and told him , that Galava has learned everything that needs to be learned. Galava then asked for the Guru dakshina.  After  several refusals  Viswamithra asked him for  eight hundred horses  with only one black coloured ear. After  great struggle  sage Galava   could get only six hundred such horses. When he was not knowing what to do, Garuda advised him to give  six hundred horses  and a princess Madhavi , on whom he had absoulute control. Sage Viswamithra accepted this. He got a son called  Ashtaka  from her.

Viswamithra  and Arundathi
  Once  for a Sradha  in Vasishta’s home , Viswamitrhra   was invited   as  a Brahmin. However he put a condition that  he would come provided  1008 vegetables are  cooked. Arundathi, the wife  of Vasishta agreed  . On the day of Sradha  she served, Plantain, colocasia(Chembu), Banana pseudo stem(Vazhai thandu), lab lab beans(Avarai kkai), cluster beans, snake gourd, Agathi leaf,bitter gourd,  amaranthus stem, jack fruit  and pirandai(bone vine or adamant creeper).When Viswamithra asked  how  they are 1008 vegetables,Arundathi told that  bitter gourd is equal to 100 vegetables,  the jack is equal to 600 vegetables  and pirandai is equivalent to  300 vegetables.So these 3  become equivalent to 1000 vegetables and along with eight  other vegetables they constitute 1008  vegetables. Viswamithra agreed  with her and blessed her.
Viswamithra and rig Veda
     Sage Viswamithra is the author of  the third Mandala  of the fourth anuvaka  of Rig Veda. It is in this section that , the great  Gayatri manthra   was given to the human beings for  their welfare.   Even in this section  Viswamithra  has berated sage Vasishta  in the last part of this section. The particulars   of sage Viswamithra of the Vedas  are slightly  different  from that of  the Sage given in the Puranas. But The enmity between Viswamithra and Vasishta  is found there  also.

Viswamithra Gothra  and Kaushika Gothra
   There are  two separate  major Gothras  which exist  in the name  of this great saint. The pravara  rishis  for these  gothras  are  Vaiswamithra, Devaratha(soonasapha whom he rescued from Harischandra) , Oudhala and Vaiswamithra  and  Vaiswamithra, Agamarshana  and Kaushika respectively. Viswamithra  is also a pravara rishi for more than  40 gothras. Among the important one is Aghamarshana gothra , which also  has the same pravara  as Kaushika gothra.
   It is interesting to note that Kaushika gothra  is common among the Kshatriyas  of India also.

Monday, January 14, 2013

Sage Yagnavalkya

Saint  Yagnavalkya

         Yagnavalkya (He who puts  Yajna as  a dress , implying he who performs Yajnas as easily as  changing of a dress)  is one of the greatest  of the   Vedic sages. He was the son of Devaratha (also known as Vajasani or Brahmaratha)  and a Sishya(disciple ) of sage Vaisampayana who himself was a student of sage Veda Vyasa. His mother   was Sunanda , the daughter  of sage Sakala. He also had a sister  called Kamasri. Yagnavalkya due to his great knowledge was extremely proud  . Once sage Vaisampayana committed a great sin(Brahmahathya) . He requested  his disciples to do several religious ceremonies so that  , he could get rid of his sin. Then Yagnavalkya told him , that this was  not necessary as , he himself can do all that  is necessary  to make his Guru to get rid of his sin.  Sage Vaisampayana got very angry   and told  his disciple Yagnavalkya to return all  that he has taught him.  Sage Yagnavalkya due to his great power vomited all  that he learned from his guru. His Guru ordered  his other disciples to become thithiri birds(partridges) and eat all that   was vomited by Yagnavalkya. The Yajur veda   taught by sage Vaisampayana   was there after  called  the Krishna(black)  Yajurveda.
                     At that  time Yagnavalkya did not have any Veda with him. Yagnavalkya then did great  Thapas(Penance addressed   to  Lord Sun.)  Lord Sun appeared to him in the form of a horse   and taught   him  the completed Yajur veda.  Since  Lord Sun have   to travel daily  on his chariot  , it seems this Yajur veda   was taught  in the background of  the canter  of the horses. Some people are of the opinion , that  because of this the  proper tone in reciting the Veda  in this case  is not there.  Since it was taught by Sun God  ,  this Yajur veda is known as  “Shukla Yajurveda”  . It is also known as Vajasaneya Yajurveda. (Vaji  in Sanskrit means horse). Yagnavalkya divided this Vajasaneya Yajurveda again into fifteen branches, each branch comprising hundreds of Yajur Mantras. Sages like Kanva, Madhyandina and others learnt those and Śukla Yajurveda branched into popular recessions’ named after them. There  are many Brahmins who follow the Shukla Yajurveda both in   Andhra Pradesh and in Tamil Nadu as well in North India.  There is belief that  due to the fact that  Yagnavalkya   vomited the Vedas taught to him , he did not have Vedas  with him  for some time period. Some of those who follow Krishna Yajurveda   do take bath  at the noon(the time when Yagnavalkya   did not have Vedas) . The followers of Shukla Yajur Veda   also believe   that Krishna Yajur Veda  is tainted  because  it grew out of the vomit  eaten by the Thithiri birds.
   Sage Yagnavalkya  had two wives viz Maithreyi and  Kathyayani(Daughter of sage Bharadwaja) . He has written(compiled ) some immortal books  in the  Vedic period   apart from the Shukla Yajurveda.   The most famous and well known is the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad.(great forest of knowledge)  This is one of primary Upanishads and is considered as one of the oldest Upanishad. One of the important section of this Upanishad is that  of the conversation between Yagna valkya   and his wife  Maithreyi..When Yagnavalkya became  old he decided   to undertake Vana prastha asrama   and divided  his   wealth in to two equal parts to be given to his wives. The  following  is first  conversation that   took place   between Maithreyi  and Yagnavalkya :-

“"Maitreyi" said Yagnavalkya, "see, I am indeed about to go forth from
this state. Come, let me make a final settlement for you and for

Then Maitreyi said: " Sir, if this entire earth filled with its
riches were mine, would I thereby be immortal?"

"No," said Yagnavalkya. "You would live the life of the wealthy.
There is no hope of attaining immortality through wealth."

Then said Maitreyi: "What am I to do with what does not offer me
immortality? Tell me indeed that which you know!"

Then Yagnavalkya said: "Ah! You are already my beloved, and what you
are saying touches me! Come, sit down. I will explain to you, And
while I am explaining, meditate on it."

Then he said: "It is not for the sake of the husband that the husband
is cherished, my dear, but for the sake of the self that the husband
is cherished. It is not for the sake of the wife that the wife is
cherished my dear, but for the sake of the self that the wife is
cherished. It is not for the sake of sons that sons are cherished, my
dear, but for the sake of the self that sons are cherished. It is not
for the sake of wealth that wealth is cherished, my dear, but for the
sake of the self that wealth is cherished. It is not for the sake of
priesthood that priesthood is cherished, my dear, but for the sake of
the self that priesthood is cherished. It is not for the sake of
warriorhood that warriorhood is cherished, my dear, but for the sake
of the self that warriorhood is cherished. It is not for the sake of
the worlds that the worlds are cherished, my dear, but fort he sake
of the self that the worlds are cherished. It is not for the sake of
the gods that the gods are cherished, my dear, but for the sake of
the self that the gods are cherished. It is not for the sake of
beings that beings are cherished, my dear, but for the sake of the
self that beings are cherished. It is not for the sake of all that
all is cherished, my dear, but for the sake of the self that
everything is cherished. It is the self, my dear Maitreyi, that
should be discerned, be heard, be pondered on, be meditated on.
Indeed, by discerning the self, by hearing it, pondering on it,
meditating on it, all this is known.”
( this is  an excerpt from
The remaining conversation  in which  Yagnavalkya   teaches  Maithreyi  the spiritual knowledge  is  the part  of the Great  Brihadaranyaka   Upanishad  an English translation of which   is available in  )

          Yagnavalkya  is considered as the teacher  to king Janaka.  For  maintaining his family as well as his disciples   he used   to visit  the palace of Janaka  very often. Given below  are   some of the pearls of wisdom that  was transferred   to the  world  during some of  these   visits.

1.How Yagnavalkya   defeated the sages and took away one thousand cows?

   Once king Janaka   conducted a   great Yaga and at that time the  king wanted to find out the greatest sage of the earth. He made an announcement saying   that  he would give the greatest sage  one thousand cows free and also hung a packet  of gold coins in the horns of those  cows. He made an announcement that  anyone who claims   to be the greatest  sage can  take away the cows. No one was bold enough   to do that. Then Yagnavalkya ordered his disciples   to take   away those  cows  to his home. Other saints who had assembled there  questioned Yagnavalkya’s   act. Then Yagnavalkya told them , that  among  the sages assembled there   he was the greatest. Then started  the  rain of questions   from those assembled   sages. Few of these question and answers are  given below:-

Arthabhaga:- “When a person who has  not got divine knowledge  dies, his  senses of knowledge  also die with him. Then how is it possible for him to get into another body?”

Yagnavalkya :- Karma becomes the cause  of his rebirth.

Kaahala:- What have you to say about Brahmam  which is  invisible and  which pervades   everywhere?

Yagnavalkya:- Your  soul is the all pervading Brahmam. To the soul there is neither hunger nor thirst , Fear  or attachment, old age or death. Those who want  to know their soul  , should  give away attachment to family and wealth  and should become saints. These   saints should have wisdom  and knowledge  of the soul.

Sage  Gargi*:-If everything is pervaded  by water , what  pervades  water?
      ( *One of the greatest  lady Vedic sage. She is the author  of Garga  Samitha.)
Yagnavalkya:- By air

Gargi :- What  pervades  air?

Yagnavalkya :- By sky?

Gargi :- What pervades    the sky?

Yagnavalkya  :- World  of Gandharwas

Gargi  :- What pervades  the world of Gandharwas?

Yagnavalkya  :-  The world  of  sun

Gargi:- What pervades   the world of Sun?

Yagnavalkya:- The world of moon.

Gargi :- What pervades  the world of moon?

Yagnavalkya:- The world of stars

Gargi :_What pervades  the world of stars?

Yagnavalkya :-  The   world of gods

Gargi:-  What pervades   the world of Gods?

Yagnavalkya:- The world of Indra

Gargi  :- What pervades  the world of Indra?

Yagnavalkya :- The world of Vinj

Gargi:- What pervades  the world of vinj?

Yagnavalkya :-  The world of HIranyagarbha.

Gargi : What pervades   the world  of Hiranyagarbha?

Yagnavalkya:- You are asking a question  which should not be asked.

Gargi  :- Who is wrap and weft  threads  of everything?

Yagnavalkya:-  It is Brahmam. Do not ask more questions. If you do your head will break in to pieces.

Gargi:- I have two questions to ask. They are  as sharp  as arrows .Which is   that power which is above heavens, below the earth and between these two  and makes   all of them exist like  the warp and the weft?

Yagnavalkya:- It exists in the sky.

Gargi  :- In which power does the sky remain like   a weft   and wrap?

Yagnavalkya:- By the order f the God ,  the sun and the moon never slip from their path. The sky and the earth exist  in places assigned to them. The rivers flow making the farm and fields fruitful.  The being who does not  understand God never  gets   deathlessness, He who dies  without realizing god  is a miser  without any properties whatsoever and the one who realizes  God gets  salvation.

Aaruni:- Who is that  which resides   within everything?

Yagnavalkya :- He who is within the entire universe  and he  who pervades  within all ,   controls the universe.  He is inside everything and controls everything from there. It is not possible to see him. But he sees all. It is not possible to hear him but he hears all. He thinks but is beyond our thought  process.  Within  all beings he exists as the one who sees, hears  and thinks.

SAkalya:- How many Gods are   there?

Yagnavalya:- There are thirty three Gods.  They  are the eight vasus, eleven Rudras, twelve Adhithyas  , Indra  and Prajapathi.(The Vedic concept of Hindu Gods)

Like this after  answering several questions  Yagnavalkya asked  sage SAkalya one question.viz. Who is being described in the Upanishads? He added, “if you are not able to answer this question, your head will explode   and break in to pieces. SAkalya was  not able to answer the question and died.. Yagnavalkya then asked the assembled sages “How is it,  new leaves come out of a cut tree? How is it that  once a seed is destroyed, a tree  is not able to come out of it? How is that  the person who dies is able to be born again?
None of the sages were  able to answer these questions and sage Yagnavalkya   took the  cows home.

2.Yagnavalkya’s  second visit  to  Janaka’s palace

   After some time sage Yagnavalkya came to the palace of Janaka again. Janaka asked him whether he has come in search of more cows or come to ask more difficult   questions.  Yagnavalkya smiled and told that  it was for both. Here are  some of the things that they   talked   with each other.

Janaka :- Sage  Jina says that Vachana (sentence/advice/ utterance) is Brahmam  Do you agree  with this?

Yagnavalkya :- It is true but did he say  about the body and resting place  of God?

Janaka:- no

Yagnavalkya:-  If it is so , he knows only a quarter  about God. Vachana is the body of God and Akasa(sky) is the  resting place of God. The knowledge of Brahmam depends  on words and the words are   the divine Brahmam.

King Janaka became happy   and  wanted to give one thousand cows to Yagnavalkya.  The sage then told him that  without  teaching the disciple properly ,  the Guru should not take   any compensation. Then Janaka asked the sage   to explain about the knowledge  of Brahman fully. Then Yagnavalkya    told

Like a man is able to reach the place he wants to reach by either  walking  on the road, or travelling in a chariot or a boat, the soul takes  recourse  of Upanishads to attain its aim. Even if one reads Vedas or Agamas , whether he is respected or rich and even if he  becomes  an expert  on Upanishads , if he does not know God , he cannot claim himself to have achieved  his objective of salvation.  Do you know  where  you go , once you leave   your body.

Janaka:- I do not know

Yagnavalkya:- I will tell you. The God of the right eye  is “Indha”(light)  People call it Indra. The  goddess of the left eye  is Indrani  , Indra is the one who eats and Indrani is the food. When one is in the wakeful state  they  move away from each other. And at that time the soul is called  “vaiswanara”. In the state of dream, they join together  and the soul is called “Thiajasa “ at that time. And in the state  of sleeping when there is no activity it is called  “Pragna”.In the fourth state  which is called  “THureeya “ , we are able to achieve much more than the other  three   states  and we would be able to realize  the Parabrahma  only in this state. It is the state of protection which  is beyond the states  of birth and death.

3.The third visit to Janaka

      After  some more time again sage Yagnavalkya visited   the palace of Janaka . Even at that  time some very interesting and informative conversation took place between  the king and the sage

Janaka:-  During day time which light shows us the way?

Yagnavalkya:- Sun
Janaka:- When Sun sets,  which light shows us the way?

Yagnavalkya:-  The moon

Janaka:- If sun and moon are not present then?

Yagnavalkya:- The fire

Janaka:- When sun, moon and fire are absent then?

Yagnavalkya:- Vachana(the word)

Janaka- If even that  is absent?

Yagnavalkya-The light  of the soul (Atma jyothis)
(a more detailed summary of this conversation can be found in

  The king became very happy with these  replies and gave the sage one thousand cows.

   Apart from being the author of Shukla Yajurveda , sage Yagnavalkya has also written  the Yagnavlkya smrithi . This is    a guide  to  day to living for a Hindu. It resembles in many parts   the earlier  composed  “Manu Smrithi”.  The Yājñavalkya Smṛti consists of 1,010 ślokas  (verses). The text is laid out as a frame story in which the sages of Mithila approach Yājñavalkya and ask him to teach them dharma. The majority of the text is then Yājñavalkya's description of dharma, divided into three subtopics: Achara  (proper conduct), Vyavahāra (judicial procedures) and Prāyaścitta (penance). It is available in a downloadable   form in
Though it has several similarities with the Manu smrithi  , it is very much different in many places. Till recently the   division  of property between Hindu family members  of South India   was  based on the commentary  of Yagnavalkya Smrithi called MIthakshara Nyaya.
Yet another great work of the sage  is Sathapatha  Brahmana , which gives in detail the method Vedic rituals    associated  with Shukla Yajurveda.
    This great sage is supposed  to have attained  salvation after  his  vana prastha asram.

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

An appeal to Lord Krishna

An appeal  to Lord Krishna
Sri Ravi subramanyan
(Translated from Ananda Vikatan of 2-1-2013 ,page138-139, translated by P.R.Ramachander
An appeal to lord  Krishna who has not posted any message in the Facebook
You post a  message only during Ekadasi  and Gokulashtami  and then retire to sleep.
For  how long do you propose  to hear sahasranamas and Pasurams(Tamil prayers)  and lie in a trance.
Ask that  goddess Lakshmi to stop massaging your legs, read her this  facebook message  and take  some action.
In the film we thought that the comedian was joking playfully  that  you were not  to be seen and we laughed.
Truly now ,  we are not able to see  our lakes and also ponds, mountains  and  fields.
Today morning we also did not see  some of us.
When we came  to the temple  to inform you, we also found you missing.
We are  not able to understand  how all these disappeared.
Asuras  are coming and going, we are able to really see certain happenings, but we are not able to detect  any signs.
Hey , see it,
Even for this  , if you keep laughing, even the Govardhana mountain, sea  as  well as Adhisesha would  disappear  from your vision.
Do you,  who have gone up to USA  and updated  the information , not know about all this.
Does all our e mails  sent to you by us ,   go to the Spam  instead of the inbox. Are  you reading the news?
Am I talking all right?
If you are  also not there, I would turn mad.
Is this appeal  to you via  the facebook sent by me or  an animated ogre created by one with a  hoax  ID.

Golden words of poet Kannadasan

Golden words of poet Kannadasan sent  to me in a group mail by Sri Srinivasan Varadarajan

அறிவாளிகளின் குழந்தைகள் பெரும்பாலும் முட்டாளாகவே வளர்கிறார்கள், நிழலிலே வளரும் செடி சோகையாக இருப்பது போல
பெர்னாட்ஷா வை நினைத்து கொண்டு தன்னை கண்ணாடியில் பார்ப்பவர்கள்,நடிகையை நினைத்து கொண்டு மனைவியை கட்டிபிடிப்பவர்கள் ஆவர்
கண்களை மூடுங்கள்,காதுகளை அடைத்து கொள்ளுங்கள் இதயத்தையும் மூடுங்கள், செய்துவிட்டீர்களா?சபாஷ், நீங்கள் அரசியல் வாதியாகிவிட்டீர்கள்
ஒரெ ஒரு அற்பனை சமாளிப்பது - சர்வாதிகாரம்..ஒவ்வொரு அற்பனையும் சமாளிப்பதுதான் ஜனநாயகம்
விளக்கமாக பேசு,முடிவில் சிந்திக்கும் போது உனக்கே குழப்பம் வரவேண்டும் அதுவே சிறந்த பேச்சு
அன்பிலே நணபனை வெல்லுங்கள்..களத்திலே எதிரியை வெல்லுங்கள்..பண்பிலே சபையை வெல்லுங்கள்..மஞ்சதிலே மனைவியை வெல்லுங்கள்
மூட்டையை கொடுத்து காசு வாங்குவான் சம்சாரி..காசு கொடுத்து மூட்டையை வாங்குவான் வியாபாரி..எதையுமே கொடுக்காமால் எல்லாத்தையும் வாங்குவான் அரசியல்வாதி
தனியாக அழுங்கள்,கூட்டத்தோடு சிரியுங்கள்..கூட்டத்தோடு அழுதால் நடிப்பு என்பார்கள்..தனியாக சிரித்தால் பைத்தியம் என்பார்கள்
உலகத்திலுள்ள எல்லோருமே யோக்கியர்தான்..தூங்கும்போது மட்டும்
காதலிக்கும் போது குழந்தையாயிரு அப்போதுதான் அவள் ஏமாற்றும் போதும் சிரித்துகொண்டே இருப்பாய்
கட்டாயம் காதல் செய்யுங்கள் – ஏனெனில் சந்தோசம் மட்டுமே வாழ்க்கையல்ல
விதியையும் மதியால் வெல்லலாம்..என்று உன் விதியில் எழுதியிருந்தால்..
யார் என்ன நினைக்கிறார்களோ என்று நினைத்து கொண்டே இருந்தால் நாம் என்ன நினைக்கிறோம் என்பதற்கு மரியாதையே இல்லாமல் போகும்


English Translation

The children of wise people normally grow as fools , like the plant growing in shade growing pale.
Those  who see themselves in the mirror thinking  of Bernard  Shaw, are  like those  who hug their wives  thinking of an actress.
Close your eyes, plug your ears and shut  your heart. Have you done it? Very good , you have  become  a politician.
Managing one idiot , is  dictatorship and managing , each and every idiot  is  democracy.
Talk clearly and at the end , if you yourselves are  confused, then , it is a good talk.
Win over your friend  in love, in the battle fiend  win over  your enemy, in culture  win over a society, and win over your wife  on the cot.
The householder  gives money and gets  the goods, the merchant gives the goods and takes  the money but the politician gets everything  without  giving anything.
Cry  in loneliness and  laugh  with crowd , for if you cry in a crowd, people would say you are acting and  if you laugh in loneliness, people would say  you are mad.
All people  in the world  are  honest only  when they are  sleeping.
Be like a baby when you are in love , for then only you would remain laughing  even when she  deceives you.
Definitely love someone, for only  joy is not life.
With intelligence  you can win over fate  , if it is written like  that in your fate.
If you keep on thinking  about what others are  thinking , what  we think  would loose its relevance.