Neethar Perumai ( Third chapter of Thirukural)
Greatness of those who are detached/who can control
(Valluvar talks her about people who has given up(have controlled ) all attachments. This is very similar to the concept of detachment to actions recommended by Bhagwat Gita. The importance Valluvar attaches to this can be guessed because he puts this chapter next to prayer of God and essentiality of rain. Valluvar first praises those people who had given up attachment and then goes to describe those people who are able to control their senses and advises people to do this impossible thing.)
1,Ozhukathu neethar perumai , vizhupathu ,
Vendum panuval thunivu
1.The greatness of those who have given up , after,
A life of good conduct, are praised by books
2.Thuranthar perumai thunai koorin vayyathu ,
Irantharai yenni kondathu.
2.Measuring greatness of those who have given up the world,
Is like counting the ones born or dead in this world till now.
3.Irumai vakai therinthu eendu aram poondar ,
Perumai pirangithu ulagu.
3.The fame of those who studied the life of householder and a sage ,
And chose to get detached is considered greater in earth.
4. Uran yenum thottiyaan orainthum kappan,
Varan yenum vaippirkor vithu
4. The trainer who is able to control the elephant of five senses,
By the goad of firmness of mind, is like the seed to the land of heaven.
5.Iynthavithan aathal akal visumbu laar komaan,
Indirane salum kari.
5.The power of the one controls his five senses can be witnessed,
By Indra the king of the heavens.
6.Cheyarkariya cheyvar periyar, chiriyar ,
6.Great ones are those who do the impossible,
And those who cannot are inferior ones.
7.Suvai oli ooru osai natham yendru iynthin,
Vakai therivan katte ulagu .
7.The world is under the control of him ,
Who controls, taste , light , touch sound and smell.
8.Nirai mozhi manthar perumai nilathu ,
Marai mozhi katti vidum.
8.The greatness of those humans whose talk is wisdom filled
Is shown by the great books (Vedas?) that they compose.
9.gunam yennum kunreri ninraar veguli ,
Kanameyum kathal arithu.
9.The anger of those who have climbed the hill of good ,
Is difficult to sustain even for a second.
10.Anthanar yenbor Aravor , mathevyuirkkum,
Chenthanmai poondu ozhukalal
10.Brahmins (great people) are followers of Dharma,
As they treat with great mercy all beings on earth.