.Arivudamai-43rd chapter of Thirukkural-
(Again Valluvar emphasizes the need to have wisdom .In this chapter he explains the essential qualities of Wisdom.)
1.Arivu aththam kaakum karuvi cheruvarkkum,
Ullazhikkal aakaa aran.
1,Wisdom is a weapon which protects us against sorrow,
And it is the inner defense which cannot be destroyed by enemies.
2,Chendra idathaal chelavidaathu theethu ore,
Nandrinpal uyppathu arivu.
2,Wisdom is a control that does not allow a person to go as he likes,
But steers his way through the good path.
3.Yepporul yaar yaar vaai ketpinum , apporul ,
Mei porul kanpathu arivu.
3.Whatever words that a person hears from others,
His wisdom makes him hear it, examine its truth and accept it.
4.Yen porulvaaka chela cholli thaan pirar vai ,
Nun porul kanpathu arivu.
4.Wisdom consists of telling others , using words which are easy to understand,
And examining the minute essence of what others tell.
5.Ulakam tazheeyathu otpam malarthalum ,
Koombalum illathu arivu.
5.It is minute intelligence that makes a person gain friendship of others,
And wisdom consists of preventing that friendship from decreasing or increasing.
6.Yevvathu uraivathu ulagam , ulakathodu ,
Avvathu uraivathu arivu.
6. Wisdom consists of understanding different type of behaviors of the world,
And adjust our behavior according to that.
7.Arivudayar aavathu arivaar , arivilaar,
Akthu ari kallathavar .
7.Wise people know what is going to happen in future,
And the ignorant ones do not know that.
8.Anjuvathu anjaamai pedaimai , anjuvathu,
Anjal arivaar thozhil.
8.Not getting scared of the scary things is ignorance,
And getting scared of scary things is an act of wisdom.
9.Yethira thakkum arivinaarkku illai ,
Athira varuvathor noi.
9. Wise people who can Guess the sorrows that are going to come,
And can take action to prevent it will not face any sorrow that would make them shiver.
10.Arivudayaar yellam udayaar , arivilaar ,
10.Wise people having only wisdom have every thing ,
But ignorant ones in spite of having everything , do not have anything.