Book II Porutpal-Book on prosperity
Thirukural has three books-Arathupal, Porutpal and Kamathupal corresponding to Dharma , Artha and Kama,
Irai Makshi-39th chapter of Thirukural-
((The greatness of the king)
(The wealth or prosperity of the citizens would depend on the ruler ,In the first chapter of the book of prosperity, it is but natural that Thiruvalluvar deals about how a great king should be .Please try to read “King” as “Ruler” and you would be surprised how realistic each verse of the chapter is. When he says that the ruler should have three aspects of not sleeping over things , education and boldness, Would not all of us agree.)
1.Padai kudi choozh amaichu natparan aarum,
Udayan arasarul yeru.
1.The greatest king is the one who manages well,
His army , wealth, people, ministers , friends and his fort,
2.Anjamai yeegai , arivookam , innankum,
Yenjamai vendharkky iyalpu.
2. The four aspects Fearlessness , charitable nature, wisdom and enthusiasm ,
Not decreasing is the desirable nature of the king.
3.Thoongamai , kalvi, thunivudamai yimmondrum,
Neengaa nilan aalpavarkku.
3,The three aspects of not sleeping over things , education and boldness,
Should always be there along with the king.
4.Aran izhukkathu allavai neeki maran izhukka,
Manam udayathu arasu,
4.The person who does not move away from Dharma, who removes crimes,
And has valour which is great is fit to be called the king.
5,Iyathalum , reettalum , kathalum , katha,
Vaguthalum vallathu arasu.
5. An expert in Planning and executing methods to earn, saving , protecting ,
The wealth that is earned and distributing it is only suitable to be a king.
6,Kakshikku yeliyan , kadum chollam , allanel,
Meekoorum mannan nilam.
6.The world would praise that king , who is easy to meet ,
And who does not talk harsh words.
7.In chollal eethalikka vallarkku than cholaal,
Thaan kanda anithivv ulagu,
7,The world be as per the expectation of the king , if he talks ,
Sweet words , gives what is needed to those who suffer and protects them.
8.Murai cheithu kaappathum mannavan makkatkku,
Irai yendru vaikka padum.
8.A king who is just and protects his people,
Would be considered as equal to God by the world.
9.Chevikaippa cholporukkam paNpudai vendhan,
Kavikai keezh thangum ulagu,
9.Ruled by a cultured king who can accept words
Which are bitter to his ears ,people would live peacefully.
10.Kodayali chengol kudiyombal nankum ,
Udayaanaam vendhar koli.
10.The king who has the four qualities of charitable nature,
Kindness , justice and protecting others , would provide light to other kings.