Periyarai thunai kodal-45th chapter of Thirukkural-
(Taking help from great people)
(This chapter deals wiyth a need for a person or ruler to take help only from great elderly people, for only they can only protect and prevent further sorrows to us.)
1.Aran arinthu mootha arivudayaar kenmai,
THiranarinthu thernthu kolal.
1.After examining the tenets of dharma , a person should ,
Seek the friendship of elders in knowlwdge ,
And behave with them in a manner suitable to them.
2.Uththa noi neeki uraamai murkakkum,
Peththiyaar peni kolal.
2.You should seek the friendship of those elders ,
Who can protect you and who can avoid further sorrows to you.
3Ariyavaththul yellam arithe periyaarai,
Peni thamaraa kolal.
3.It would be best among all the rare things that we can posses,
If we make elders in learning as ours by proper service to them.
4.Thammir periyaar thamaraa ozhukuthal,
Vanmayul yellam thalai.
4.To consider those who are elder to you in learning as our relations,
And follow them in their path , is the greatest among all strengths.
5.Choozhvaar kaNNaaka ozhukalaan mannavan,
Choozhvaarai choozhnthu kolal.
5.Because those surrounding the ruler behave like his eyes<
He should examine those surrounding him properly before accepting them.
6.THakkaar inathannaai thaan ozhuga vallanai,
CHethaar cheya kidanthathu yil.
6.To the one who is surrounded by learned people and who,
Acts according to their advice, no enemy can do any harm.
7.Idikkum thunayaarai aalvaarai yaare ,
Kedukkum thagaimai yavar
7.How can there be enemies who can trouble that ruler,
Who rules with the help of learned people, who order them compulsorily .
8.Idipparai illatha yemaraa mannan,
Keduppar ilanum kedum .
8,That ruler who does not have with learned people,
Who compel him to follow their opinions,
Even without any enemy would get in to trouble himself.
9.Mdhal ilaarkku oothiyam illai , madalayaam,
Charpilarkku illai nilai.
9.Those who do not have capital will not get any income ,
And like that those who do not have leraned people as help,
The state of not getting trobled is not there.
10.Pallaar pagai kolalin pathadutha theemaithe ,
Nallaar thodarkai vidal.
10. Losing the friendship of one learned elder does ten times,
Causes ten times more harm than than getting enmity of innumerable people.