Vetu vantha cheyyamai-57th chapter of Thirukural-
(Not doing scary and harsh acts.)
(THiruvalluvar emphasizes the need to deal with crimes and enemies in a kind and merciful way.)
1.THakkangu nadith thalai chella vaNNathaal,
Othangu oruppathu Vendhu.
1.The ruler is the one who examines crime done by a person,
And awards him punishment commensurate with the crime.
2.Kadithochi mella yerika , nedithaakkam ,
2.Those who want not to be parted from wealth for a long time,
Would angrily talk of harsher punishment and award a lighter punishment.
3.Veruvanthas cheithozhugum vengolam aayin,
Oruvantham ollai kedum.
3.If a ruler were a tyrant who does acts fearsome to citizens,
That one would meet with his end quickly.
4.Iraikadiyan yenru uraikkum inna chol vendhan,
Urai kaduki ollai kedum.
4.When the very troubled citizen using evil words say ,
“That is ruler is cruel” , the life span of that ruler would get reduced and he will die.
5.Arum chevvi innaa mukathaan perum chelvam,
Poi kandu annathu udaithu.
5.The wealth of a person who is difficult to meet and,
Who looks at persons in a hateful manner ,
Would be useless to people like the one guarded by ghosts.
6.Kadum chollan , kannilan aayin , nedum chelvam,
Needindri aange kedum.
6.If a person talks harsh words and looks badly at people,
His great wealth will not last long and would immediately perish.
7.Kadum mozhiyum kai ikmtha dandamum Vendhan,
Adu muran theykkum aram.
7.Harsh words and awarding more punishment than needed,
Are the saw that saws the capacity of victory of the ruler.
8.Inathaththi yeNNatha vendhan chinathaaththi,
Cheerin chirukam thiru.
8.A ruler who does not consult his helpers and further think,
But who take recourse only to his anger and shouts at others,
The wealth of his would over time get reduced.
9. Cheruvantha pozhthir chirai cheyya vendhan,
Veru vanthu veithu kedum.
9.The ruler who does not surround his enemy during war ,
Would have to retreat fearing his enemy .
10.Kallaar pinikkum kadumkol athuvallathu,
Illai nilakku porai.
10.A tyrant king would take ignorant people for doing a cruel rule,
And the world will not have a heavier burden than those.