A brief write up on Saptharisheeswarar temple ,Lalgudi(Thiruthavathurai ) and the
Lalgudi Pancharatha Krithis of Saint Thyagaraja
This is one of the ancient Shiva Temples of Tamil Nadu. Lalgudi is located about 20 Km from Trichy town on the banks of Kollidam river. The old name of this town was Thiruthavathurai (The divine place of penance) . It seems Malik Kafur who marauded the entire South India visited this place and at that time the temple tower was being painted red and he asked his assistants , “What is that red temple(Lal gudi) ?” and from then on the name Lalgudi struck to the town .The Goddess of the temple is called “Mahitha Pravrudha Srimathi”. The God Saptharishiswarar in this temple is Swayambhu (self formed) and faces the west. The linga has a vertical red split on its head and there is an interesting story about the origin of this temple .
It seems an Asura called Darukasura was troubling the devas and nothing could be done against him because , he would only be killed by son of Lord Shiva.When the devas went and prayed Lord Shiva, six sparks of fire emanated from his third eye. These sparks were initially taken care of by river Ganges and later they were entrusted by the Saptha Rishis (Seven great sages viz Athri , Brugu , Vasishta, Gauthama , Angiras and Mareechi with the wives to look after .Though they were looking after them fell , to give milk to the six babies they summoned the Kathika maidens. When the sages came to know about it, they lost their temper and drove away their wives from their home. This was brought to the notice of Lord Shanmuga only when he was returning after killing the Darukasura. And he cursed the sages. To get rid of the curse the sages went to THiruvayyaru and spent lot of time in penance and when they failed they came to Thiruthavathurai and prayed to Lord Shiva .Then it seems the top of the Shiva linga split and all the seven sages were taken inide him. When they became a part of the Lord himself , they lost the effect of the curse. The Saptha rishis started living in that temple forever . Since Planet Sun was the son of Marichi , Moon the son of sage Athri , Mercuru is the son of moon, Jupiter the saon of sage Angiras , Mars belonged to family of Vasishta and Sani was the son of Sun God .So when a devotee prays in this temple all the problems due to these nine plants vanish.
It also believed that Lord Vishnu got his Chakrayudha after worshipping the linga here and several sages have been cured of their diseases by praying here.This Temple was believed to have been built by Paranthaka kings. It is also believed that Sambandar , the Shaivite saint sang a poem anout this temple but it has been lost.
The Pooja timings of the temple are
Pooja Time :
› MORNING 7.30 A.M TO 9.00 A.M
› BEFORE NOON 11.00 A.M TO 12.00 NOON
› EVENING 4.30 P.M TO 6.30 P.M
› 8.30 P.M TO 9.00 P.M
Vazhipadu Time :
› MORNING 5.30 A.M TO 1.00 P.M
› EVENING 4.00 P.M TO 9.00 P.M
The contact details of the temple are
Arulmigu saptharisheeswarar Temple
Tiruchirappalli - 621601.
Phone : 0431-2541329
E-Mail ID: email@example.com
The great Saint Thyagaraja has composed five great Krithis when he visited Lalgudi and stayed with his disciples (You can hear them sung by Bombay sisters in https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2wxGFXhwTb0 ) . Three of these songs are about the Goddess and two about the God . I have given below the lyrics and meaning of these songs.
Lalgudi Pancha rathnam 1
Gathi neevani ne gori
Gathi neevani ne gori vach-,
Chithi thalli paraakaa
Oh mother assuming that you are my protection,
I have come with a request to you.Any feeling of neglect towards me
Mathini yentho vedhaki sam-,
Mathini Sri Pravruddha sri
Mathi nee pada yuga mulane nera nam-,
Mithini brovumika nija dasulaku .
After greatly searching my brain , taking a decision,
I believed in your feet Oh Goddess Sripruvruddha sri,
Please protect this true slave of yours.
1.Paramou sri thapastheetha na-
Garamandhu nelakonna paramaanandi pogada,
Daralo nee sarigaanaa thalli nee vaadanugaanaa,
Parithapamulella dolaga yaraka,
Pura nathula jatha gooti yabheeshata ,
Varamulichu DAivamu neevanu manu,
Sthi , ramathulaigasinaru ganuka,
1.Oh Goddess who has got established in Lalgudi town,
And is engaged in givinf divine joy to everybody,
Would Lord Brahma be able to praise you?
Oh Goddess in this earth there is no mother equal to you,
Am I not a person belonging to you?
All the guardians of directions are waiting ,
For getting rid of their sorrows with the belief,
That you are the goddess who can give
All the boons that they want., with great certainty.
2. Yi puramuna bagu kapuramu seyuvaa-,
Re punyamu Jesiro,
Sripura nilayre prapu koriyunnanu ,
Amba parulanenu vedagalenu,
Joopu jagu seyaka neeve dari-,
Dhapu gaani anyulevaru nayeda,
Repu mapanaka nee mahimalu balu,
Gopurambu kaani sujani.
2.What great blessed deeds have been done ,
By those who are living in this great city,
Oh Goddess who lives in Sripura , I surrender to you,
Oh Amba , I would not ask any body else,
Do not delay in seeing me with the corner of your eye,
In this earth who else is there for me except you?
Do not say to me “Tomorrow, tomorrow” .
Oh great one your fame is as tall as the tower.
3. raka sasi vadane sarva,
Loka nayaki vini maya ne velpu-,
La Gadhiyou nee kadakshamuchetha,
Yeka chithamanandhuku Amba,
Inka nidaya yendhuku,
Nee kani dhana dhanyamula koraku yi,
Lokulane maati maa-,
Tikaduguta chowkagani nee keerth-
THiki nendhaga vanna vinthu Thyagarajuni.
3.Oh goddess who has a full moon like face ,
Oh Leader of the earth , Please hear, oh great enchantress,
You are the primeval goddess to all Gods ,
Oh mother, When my mind is concentrated on you ,
Why is it that your kindness has come,
If on seeing you I again and again request ,
You for wealth and grains, it would be dishonorable,
How much can I ask you commensurate with your fame?
Lalgudi Pancha rathnam 2
Lalithe , sri pruvruddhe , srimathi
Lalithe , sri pruvruddhe , srimathi,
Oh Goddess Lalitha , Pruvrudha Devi , DSRimathi,
Treasure of prettiness
THelivini vardhillu sri,
THapastheertha , nagara nilaye
Oh Goddess who lives THapastheerthapura,
Which increases wisdom.
1.THeliyani baludagadhaa Amba,
Thelivi nee sommu gathaa,
Chalamu seya mariyaadhaa,
Challani matalu balkaradha.
1,Am I not an ignorant boy,
Is not wisdom your asset,
Is it proper for you to get angry me?
Can You not talk to me pleasing words?
Joochi joodaga praakaa,
Yi sujanula vedagaleka,
Nay Dasuda neeve gdhigaka
2.Since there is no one to protect me,
Your indifference making you not see me in spite of seeing me,
And to me who is your slave who am not able to make ,
Good people take pity on me , You are the only protection.
3.Kanna thalli Shubha vAdane mee,
Yanna Dhayaku bathrudane,
Thinnaga saranu jochithine ,
Thyagaraja manasa sadane.
3.Oh my mother who has an auspecious face,
I am receiving the grace from your brother ,
And so I directly came and surrendered to you,
Oh Goddess who is in the heart of Thyagaraja
Lalgudi Pancharathnam 3
Deva sri thapatheertha pura nivasa
(This Krithi is about Saptha Risheeswarar)
Deva sri thapatheertha pura nivasa,
Dehi bhaktha madhunaa
Oh God who lives in Lalgudi(THapastheertha pura),
Please give me devotion to you immediately,
Paavana pravrudha srimathi hrud,
Bhavana sakala jagadavana sri Maha
Oh pure one whose house in the heart of the Goddess.
Pravrudha Srimathi and wjo protects all the world.
1.Pasa hastha ganesa harana pa-,
Lasanaari nuthesa varada ku-,
Chechayari dara sarebha , mru-,
Gesa saptha rishischa deva
1.Oh Lord who kiiled the chief of the Ganas of Yama holding a rope,
Oh Lord saluted by Indra , the king of devas who is the enemy ,
Of the flesh eating Rakshasas, who gives boons,
Who wears the moon who is the enemy of lotus flowers,
Who is the lion who controls the elephant like asuras,
And who is known as the God of the seven sages.
2.Neela gala surajala nutha , natha,
Pala , gireesa visala phala , kru-=-,
Pa;a vala susheela gowri,
Lola shiva maam palayadhbudha.
2, Oh God with blue neck , who is praised by the devas,
Who protects those who salute him , who is the lord of the mountain,
Who has a broad forehead, who is the collection of mercy ,
Wo is good natured , Who is shiva who in love with Gowri ,
And who is a wonderful God , please protect me.
3.Naga poojitha Nagadanuja ha=-,
Raga mardana , vaagadhipa , vinu-,
THaganithaguna Raga Madha dhoo-,
Raaga hara , Sri Thyagaraja.
3.He who is being worshipped by a serpent , who killed Gajasura,
Who is being praised by Indra and Brahma , Who has innumerable ,
Good qualities, Who does not have anger and pride ,
Who is the destroyer of sin , Who is Hara and Thyagaraja
Lalgudi Pancha Rathnam 4
Mahitha pravruddha srimathi
Mahitha pravruddha srimathi,
Guha Ganapathi Janani
Oh Goddess Mahitha Pravruddha Srimathi,
Who is the mother of Ganesa and Subrahamanya
Pahi vadanajitha sudhaakare Srikare,
Pahi suguna rathnakare
Oh Goddess who won over moon by the beauty of her face,
Who gives auspiciousness m, protect me ofh ocean of gem of good qualities.
1.Dehi charana Bhakthi makhila,
Dehini sadaa shubha phala,
Dhe, Hima giri thanaye , vai-
Please give me devotion to your feet,
Oh Goddess who has universe as her body,
Who gives always auspicious results,
Oh Daughter of snow mountain,
Who is sister of husband of Sita
2,Vahiche sannuthe na-,
Vahi bhoosha vallabhe ba-,
Vaahi Neela kandi , Simha vahini Janani.
2.Oh goodess praised by Varuna, who is,
The wife of Lord Shiva wearing peculiar serpents,
Who is the peacock that kills the serpent of Samsara,
And who is goddess who rides on a lion.
3.Partha sannutha priye , pa-
Tharth punya dhoore kami,
THartha phaladhe sri thapas-,
Theertha pura nivasini.
3.Oh Goddess who is liked by him whom Arjuna prays,
Who gives desired results.
And Oh goddess who lives in Lalgudi.
Raja Raja sannuthe sa-,
Roja dalanibakshi THyaga,
Raja Bagya dayakhi.
4,Oh Mother praised by Shiva who wears the moon,
Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu who rides on Garuda,
Who has eyes like petal of lotus flowers,
And who is the giver of Luck to Thyagaraja.
Lalgudi Pancharathnam 5
Eesa Pahi maam Jagadeesa
(This again is a Krithi on SAptharisheeswara)
Eesa Pahi maam Jagad(eesa)
AAsara gana madha harana,
Pilesaya bhoosha saptha risheesa
1.Sri Nadha kararchitha dorakunalpuniki darshana,
May nadi thapa balamo nee namamu dorake,
Sri Narada Gana Priya , Dheenarthi nivarana,
Pramananda arnava deva yana bhajanaka SAptha risheesa
2.Vyasarchitha palitha nija dasa bhooloka,
Kailasampanu palgulu nijame sarakku kandi
Nee sadi evarayaa, nee sakshathkaramuna,
Vesadllella tholage nede janmamu sabalyamu (eesa)
3.Samaadhi nija somagni dharani lochana,
Kamaadhi gandana sudRamarchitha pada,
Hemachala chapa ninnu vina marevaru muni mano-
Dhama Thyagaraja premavathara Jagadheesa.
Please protect me, Oh Lord of the entire world
He who destroyed the pride of asuras,
He who wears a snake, the god of the seven sages.
1. He who was worshipped by Lord Vishnu,
Would this lowly man be able to get to see you,
Is it because of the result of Thapas that I got your name,
Oh God who likes the music of Narada,
Oh God who removes the sufferings of the poor oppressed,
Oh great sea of divine joy, Oh consort of Devayana,
Oh God who is the father of seven sages,
2.Oh God is worshipped by Vyasa, I see that it is true,
You send your real devotees to the Kailasa on earth
Who is comparable to you and by your presence,
All sorrows are swept away and my birth has a meaning.
3.Oh God who is in Sama and other Vedas,
Who has eyes of moon, fire and earth,
Who cuts away evil things like Passion,
Whose feet are worshipped by Devendra,
Who has the bow made of the Golden Mountain,
Who else except you can be in the minds of sages,
Oh God of the universe whom Thyagaraja loves.